UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D. C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017

 

OR

 

[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission file number 333-190836

 

 

FOOTHILLS EXPLORATION, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   27-3439423

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

     

633 17 th Street, Suite 1700
Denver, Colorado

  80202
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(720) 449-7478

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 

Title of Each Class Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share Otcmarkets.com

 

Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by checkmark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes [  ] No [X]

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant has (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [X] No [  ]

 

Indicate by checkmark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]

 

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [  ] Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ](Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company [X]

Emerging Growth Company [X]

   

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [  ] No [X]

 

On June 30, 2017, 3,903,759 shares of common stock were held by non-affiliates and had an aggregate value of $5,972,741 based on the average closing bid and ask of $1.53 per share as reported by the OTCQB market.

 

As of April 10, 2018, there were 14,900,627 shares of common stock outstanding.

 

 

 

 
 

 

EXPLANATORY NOTE:

 

This Annual Report for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, contains financial statements which have not been audited by our independent registered public accounting firm in accordance with Article 2 of SEC Regulation S-X. The Company intends to file an amendment to this Annual Report to include the audited financial statements together with the report from our independent registered public accountant as soon as practicable.

 

 
 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
Number
Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements 3
     
PART I    
Items 1 and 2. Business and Properties 5
Item 1A. Risk Factors 11
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments 18
Item 3. Legal Proceedings 18
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 20
     
PART II    
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities 21
Item 6. Selected Financial Data 21
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 22
Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 33
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data 34
Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure 35
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures 35
Item 9B. Other Information 36
     
PART III    
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance 37
Item 11. Executive Compensation 39
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters 42
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence 42
Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services 43
     
Part IV    
     
Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules and Signatures 44

 

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, that involve assumptions, and describe our future plans, strategies, and expectations. Such statements are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” or “project,” “plan,” “aim”, or the negative of these words or other variations on these words or comparable terminology. Although we believe the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, such expectations may not occur. These forward-looking statements are made subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those stated. Risks and uncertainties that could cause or contribute to such differences include, without limitation, those discussed in the section entitled “Risk Factors” included in this report and those factors outlined below:

 

  our ability to acquire adequate funds to meet operating capital and satisfy debt obligations;
     
  our ability to obtain or access additional capital in connection with acreage acquisitions;
     
  our ability to successfully develop our acquisition of undeveloped and developed acreage and other assets acquired in December 2016 from Total Belief Ltd., a subsidiary of New Times Energy Corp., an entity whose securities trade on the Main Board of the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Ltd., and to integrate the operations relating thereto with our existing operations and realize the benefits of such acquisition;
     
  our current financial position;
     
  risks associated with current and/or future potential litigation against the Company and/or its subsidiaries, including risks of asset seizures;
     
  our business strategy, including the use of independent contractors;
     
  meeting our forecasts and budgets;
     
  expectations regarding natural gas and oil markets in the United States;
     
  further or sustained declines in natural gas and oil prices;
     
  operational constraints, start-up delays and production shut-ins at both operated and non-operated properties;
     
  risks associated with bringing shut in wells into commercial levels of production;
     
  risks associated with exploration, including cost overruns and drilling of non-economic wells or dry holes, especially in prospects in which we have made a relatively large capital commitment relative to the size of our capitalization structure;
     
   timing and successful drilling and completion of natural gas and oil wells;
     
  availability of capital and the ability to repay indebtedness when due;
     
  availability and cost of rigs and other materials and operating equipment;
     
  timely and full receipt of sale proceeds from the sale of our production;
     
  the ability to find, acquire, market, develop and produce new natural gas and oil properties;
     
  interest rate volatility, which might affect the Company’s borrowing costs;

 

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  uncertainties in the estimation of proved reserves and in the projection of future rates of production and timing of development expenditures;
     
  the need to take impairments on our properties due to lower commodity prices;
     
  operating hazards attendant to the natural gas and oil business including weather, environmental risks, accidental spills, blowouts and pipeline ruptures, and other risks;
     
  downhole drilling and completion risks that are generally not recoverable from third parties or insurance;
     
  potential mechanical failure or under-performance of significant wells, production facilities, processing plants or pipeline mishaps;
     
  actions or inactions of third-party contractors;
     
  actions or inactions of third-party operators of pipelines or processing facilities;
     
  the ability to find and retain skilled personnel;
     
  strength and financial resources of competitors;
     
  Federal, tribal and state legislative and regulatory developments and approvals;
     
  worldwide economic conditions, which may impact the market price of oil and/or natural gas and thereby affect the Company’s net revenues from oil and/or natural gas production;
     
  the ability to construct and operate infrastructure, including pipeline and production facilities, in the event this is required for the Company to produce oil and/or natural gas from its properties;
     
  operating costs, production rates and ultimate reserve recoveries of our natural gas and oil discoveries;
     
  expanded rigorous monitoring and testing requirements; and
     
  our ability to obtain insurance coverage on commercially reasonable terms.

 

Any of these factors and other factors contained in this report could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results implied by these or any other forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf. Although we believe our estimates and assumptions to be reasonable, they are inherently uncertain and involve a variety of risks and uncertainties that are beyond our control. Our assumptions about future events may prove to be inaccurate. We caution you that the forward-looking statements contained in this report are not guarantees of future performance, and we cannot assure you that those statements will be realized or the forward-looking events and circumstances will occur. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report.

 

Reserve engineering is a process of estimating underground accumulations of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids that cannot be measured in an exact way. The accuracy of any reserve estimate depends on the quality of available data, the interpretation of such data and price and cost assumptions made by reserve engineers. In addition, the results of drilling, testing and production activities may justify revisions of estimates that were made previously. If significant, such revisions would change the schedule of any further production and development drilling. Accordingly, reserve estimates may differ significantly from the quantities of oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids that are ultimately recovered.

 

All forward-looking statements, expressed or implied, in this report are expressly qualified in their entirety by this cautionary statement. This cautionary statement should also be considered in connection with any subsequent written or oral forward-looking statements that we or any person acting on our behalf may issue.

 

We do not intend to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. These cautionary statements qualify all forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf.

 

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AVAILABLE INFORMATION

 

We file annual, quarterly and other reports and other information with the SEC. You can read these SEC filings and reports over the Internet at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov or on our website at www.foothillspetro.com. You can also obtain copies of the documents at prescribed rates by writing to the Public Reference Section of the SEC at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 am and 3:00 pm. Please call the SEC at (800) SEC-0330 for further information on the operations of the public reference facilities. We will provide a copy of our annual report to security holders, including audited financial statements, at no charge upon receipt of a written request to us at Foothills Exploration, Inc., 633 17th Street, Suite 1700-A, Denver, Colorado, 80202.

 

INDUSTRY AND MARKET DATA

 

The market data and certain other statistical information used throughout this report are based on independent industry publications, government publications, reports by market research firms or other published independent sources. In addition, some data are based on our good faith estimates.

 

PART I

 

ITEMS 1 and 2. Business and Properties.

 

Background

 

Foothills Exploration, Inc., (the “Company,” “Foothills Exploration,” “Foothills,” “we,” or “our”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on May 13, 2010, under the name of “Key Link Assets Corp.” for the purpose of acquiring a portfolio of heavily discounted real estate properties in the Chicago metropolitan area. The Company changed its focus and planned to acquire small and medium sized grocery stores in non-urban locales that are not directly served by large national supermarket chains.

 

In May 2016, Foothills Petroleum Inc., a Nevada corporation, (“FPI”) acquired over 56.4 million shares of the Company’s common stock (after giving effect to 4:1 forward split of our shares in May 2016), constituting approximately 96% of our then issued and outstanding shares (“FPI Acquired Shares”).

 

On May 27, 2016, we entered into a Share Exchange Agreement with shareholders of FPI whereby we acquired all of the outstanding shares of FPI in exchange for 4,500,000 shares of our common stock and also issued 1,503,759 shares of our common stock on automatic conversion of debt (please see discussion below under Overview) for an aggregate of 6,003,759 shares of our common stock (the “Share Exchange”). As a result of the Share Exchange, FPI became our wholly owned subsidiary and the FPI Acquired Shares were returned to treasury and deemed cancelled. For accounting purposes, this transaction is being accounted for as a reverse acquisition and has been treated as a recapitalization of the Company with FPI considered the accounting acquirer, and the financial statements of the accounting acquirer became the financial statements of the registrant. The completion of the Share Exchange resulted in a change of control. The FPI Shareholders obtained approximately 96% of voting control on the date of the Share Exchange. FPI was the acquirer for financial reporting purposes and the Company was the acquired company. The consolidated financial statements after the acquisition include the balance sheets of both companies at historical cost, the historical results of FPI and the results of the Company from the acquisition date. All share and per share information in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and footnotes has been retroactively restated to reflect the recapitalization.

 

Prior to the Share Exchange, the Company had minimal assets and recognized no revenues from operations and was accordingly classified as a shell company. On June 24, 2016, we filed an amendment to our Current Report on Form 8-K originally filed on June 10, 2016, indicating that we were no longer a shell company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. In light of closing the Share Exchange transaction with the shareholders of FPI, the Company became actively engaged in oil and gas operations through its wholly owned subsidiary.

 

On June 30, 2016, we entered into a securities purchase agreement to sell 3,007,519 shares of our common stock to a single investor for proceeds totaling $2,000,000, and in July 2016, the Company received the funds. For a more complete description of this transaction please see our Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on July 7, 2016.

 

On August 4, 2016, we were advised that the Financial Industry Regulatory Association had approved (i) our name change from Key Link Assets Corp. to Foothills Exploration, Inc., and (ii) a change of trading symbol from KYLK to FTXP. Please see our Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 9, 2016.

 

Our principal office is located at 633 17th Street, Suite 1700, Denver, Colorado 80202. Our telephone number is (720) 449-7478. Our website address is www.foothillspetro.com.

 

5
 

 

Overview

 

Foothills Exploration is an independent oil and gas exploration company engaged in the acquisition and development of oil and natural gas properties through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Foothills Petroleum, Inc. (“FPI”). FPI is focused on acquiring producing and developmental properties in the Rockies. FPI seeks to acquire non-core, dislocated and underdeveloped oil and gas assets and maximize those assets to create shareholder value (the “Business”).

 

Our principal obligations include:

 

  A debenture in the amount of $1,250,000, plus interest accruing at a rate of 9% per annum issued to Berwin Trading Limited (“Berwin”) with principal and interest due upon maturity on May 6, 2017. On May 5, 2017, the Company and Berwin agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 20, 2017, in return for an annual interest rate increase from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On November 3, 2017, Berwin agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Berwin also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company issued Berwin 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Berwin and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Berwin with 250,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $125,000 shall become due and payable to Berwin by the Company.
     
  A second debenture in the amount of $1,000,000, plus interest accruing at a rate of 9% issued to Full Wealth Investment Hong Kong Limited (“Full Wealth”) with principal and interest due upon maturity on or before May 5, 2017. On May 18, 2017, Full Wealth sold this note to Gold Class Limited, with accrued interest increased from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On June 1, 2017, Full Wealth acquired this note back from Gold Class and the Company issued a new debenture with a 60-day term and 10% interest per annum to Full Wealth. On August 14, 2017, we repaid $1,000,000 in principal and $20,000 in accrued interest and recorded remaining accrued interest in amount of $30,000 as gain on debt forgiveness.
     
  A promissory note in the amount of $6,000,000 to Total Belief Limited (“TBL”), a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of New Times Energy Corporation Limited, issued in connection with the assets acquired on December 30, 2016, with a maturity date of June 30, 2018. This promissory note recites that it accrues no interest during its term and is due and payable in full on or before its maturity date. Foothills recorded $342,804 imputed interest as debt discount. This amount of $342,804 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 1.5 years. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we amortized $228,536 debt discount into interest expense. The Company has reduced the value of its oil and gas properties in the proportion of the debt discount allocated to the Note.
     
 

A convertible promissory note in amount of $50,000 was issued to an unrelated party on May 10, 2017, bearing an annual percentage rate of 10% with a term of 12 months, which is due on May 10, 2018. This note may, at the option of the lender, be converted at any time prior to September 7, 2017, into fully-paid, restricted and non-assessable shares of common stock of the Company at a price equal to 100% of the selling price of such common stock in a private placement to institutional and/or accredited investors initiated by the Company during the term of this note. On October 19, 2017, the Company agreed to extend the allowable conversion period provided under this convertible note until May 10, 2018. On November 7, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.00 per share expiring on May 7, 2019. If the Company fails to pay the principal and accrued unpaid interest due and payable to Lender on or before the due date of the convertible note, then the Lender shall be provided the right to convert at either $0.665 per share or upon the same terms offered in FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC Note’s conversion options. The relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $3,381 on November 7, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 77%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 years. At December 31, 2017, $50,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note. The issuance of the warrants in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”).

     
  A promissory note to Profit Well Limited, a Hong Kong limited liability company, issued on August 9, 2017, in the amount of $1,050,000. The promissory note bears an annual interest rate of 13.5% and was initially payable on September 8, 2017. The Company received the funds under the foregoing note on August 10, 2017. The funds received pursuant to the Note principally have been used to repay the Full Wealth debenture, dated June 1, 2017. On November 3, 2017, Profit Well Limited agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Profit Well Limited also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company agreed to issue Profit Well Limited 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Profit Well and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Profit Well with 200,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $100,000 shall become due and payable to Profit Well by the Company.
     
 

A promissory note and three tranches of warrants issued on September 29, 2017, to an unaffiliated investor for an aggregate consideration of $250,000. This promissory note recites that it accrues no interest if paid when due and is due and payable on January 2, 2018. The obligations under the promissory note were personally guaranteed by Kevin J. Sylla, Executive Chairman of the Company. If principal is not paid on or before January 2, 2018, interest will accrue at the rate of 15% per year until paid. On November 6, 2017, the Company agreed to compensate the investor 75,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. On December 30, 2017, the Company and the investor agreed to extend the maturity date of this Note to January 23, 2018, in return for a payment at maturity of the principal, accrued interest as provided in the Note, plus 30,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock. Because the fair value of the shares was greater than 10% of the present value of the remaining cash flows under the Note, the issuance of the shares in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. was treated as a debt extinguishment and reissuance of a new debt instrument pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). Since January 23, 2018, the Company and the investor have been in ongoing discussions to extend the term of this Note. On March 28, 2018, the investor acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Note and reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend the Note’s due date or repay its obligation on terms that are mutually satisfactory.

 

The warrants have the following terms:

 

  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share expiring on September 29, 2019,
     
  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.25 per share expiring on September 29, 2020,
     
  185,000 warrants to purchase 185,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $2.00 per share expiring on September 29, 2020.

 

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The aggregate relative fair value of three tranches of warrants was determined to be $105,000 on September 29, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 2-3 years. $2,536 imputed interest was recorded as debt discount. $2,536 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 0.26 year. The aggregate value of the warrants and imputed interest of $107,536 was considered as debt discount upon issuance and will be amortized as interest over the term of the Note or in full upon the conversion of the Note. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company amortized $105,272 of such discount to interest expense, and the unamortized discount as of December 31, 2017 was $2,264. At December 31, 2017, $250,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note.

 

Each tranche of warrants is subject to down round adjustment provisions if the Company during the term of that tranche issues additional securities for consideration per share, after giving effect to fees, commission and expenses, that is less, or which on conversion or exercise of the underlying security is less, than $0.665 per share (as adjusted for any change resulting from forward or reverse splits, stock dividends and similar events).

 

To satisfy most favored nation provisions in previously entered securities purchase agreements that are triggered by the transaction described above, we issued 136,015 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 136,015 shares of common stock, in the aggregate, to certain investors who purchased units from us, at a $1.00 per unit, with each unit consisting of one share and one warrant. See our Current Report on the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 5, 2017. Of this amount, 100,752 shares and warrants to purchase 100,752 shares of common stock will be issued to Wilshire Energy Partners LLC, an entity controlled by Kevin J. Sylla. The exercise price of these investor warrants was adjusted to $0.665 per share. We measured the value of the effect of the down round feature as the difference between the fair value of the financial instrument at an original exercise price of $1.50 and an adjusted exercise price of $0.665 and, as a result, $59,801 was recorded as down round feature as interest expense under ASC 260-10-30-1. Foothills determined the amount of $59,801 using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 3 years.

 

  A convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $267,500, with net proceeds of $250,000 before giving effect to certain transactional costs including legal fees, was issued to FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC, on November 17, 2017. As part of this transaction we also issued:

 

  warrants having an 18-month term, to purchase 267,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share; and
     
  60,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock.

 

    The convertible note accrues interest of 8% per annum and is due and payable on August 17, 2018. The warrants are subject to adjustment in certain events such as forward or reverse stock splits or if subsequent financings are at terms that are more favorable to persons in subsequent issuances of securities. The convertible note agreements give the lender the right to convert the loan amounts due into common stock at a conversion price of $0.665 per share, subject to adjustment under certain events, and the Company has the option but not the obligation to repay the outstanding principal of the convertible note, in whole or in part, within six months from the closing date, by paying 115% of the principal amount then owing, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to avoid conversion under the convertible agreements. The convertible note may not be prepaid from 180 days after closing until maturity and is secured by a personal guaranty from the Company’s Executive Chairman, Kevin Sylla. The net proceeds of the convertible note will be used for general corporate and working capital purposes. No broker-dealer or placement agent was retained or involved in this transaction. See 8-K report filed with the SEC on November 17, 2017 for more information.
     
  A promissory note was issued on November 1, 2017, to the Law Offices of Aaron A. Grunfeld or its successors or assigns (the “Holder”), the Company’s outside general counsel, for a principal amount of $120,629 in exchange of legal services rendered, bearing an interest rate of 12% per annum and with a maturity date of June 30, 2018.

 

From inception in December 2015 through the period ended December 31, 2017, we produced limited revenues from our business and principal properties and are currently an exploration stage company. Prior to January 2017, we had minimal operations that were focused mainly on administrative activities connected to the identification and evaluation of potential oil and gas prospects and other potential leasehold acquisitions in our geographical areas of interest. As of December 31, 2017, we had the rights to 45,648 acres of oil and gas property in the state of Wyoming, excluding 6,115 acres of the Ironwood prospect that are subject to drilling a well in 2017. Since we do not expect to drill a test well on the Ironwood prospect prior to the end of 2017, this acreage will not be earned.

 

During the period ended December 31, 2017, Foothills continued to evaluate, consider and perform due diligence on several prospective acquisitions of producing oil and gas properties located in the U.S. Rocky Mountain region. On May 10, 2017, we entered into a purchase and sales agreement (PSA) with an undisclosed seller to acquire approximately 49,600 net acres held by production in the Piceance Basin in Utah and Colorado. The acquisition was anticipated to close on or before June 30, 2017, however we agreed with the seller agreed to terminate the PSA by mutual agreement, and we did not consummate the acquisition. For the period ended December 31, 2017, we also submitted several additional letters of intent and indications of interest to other prospective sellers of producing assets, which unfortunately never progressed to the PSA stage of negotiations. Management continues to seek out and evaluate potential joint ventures with industry partners and other prospective acquisitions of producing oil and gas assets, which meet our criteria. We anticipate consummating one or more prospective acquisition of producing properties during the current fiscal year, which will be accretive to earnings and provide a platform for future revenue growth.

 

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Market Environment

 

The U.S. energy markets finished strong in 2017 as improving fundamentals for both oil and natural gas buoyed energy prices going into the close of the year. Looking ahead in 2018, we believe the U.S. energy markets improving fundamentals will continue to strengthen and will position the U.S. as a global leader for producing fossil fuels and lead to further growth of U.S. exports. We also expect an uptick in price volatility heading into 2018. Our bias is moderately bullish at current levels for both WTI oil prices and natural gas prices as strong global demand for products is partially offset by rising oil and natural gas production out of U.S. shale formations.

 

Oil – The prevailing theme in 2017 was OPEC and Non-OPEC producing nations’ production cuts and extensions of these cuts throughout the year. In the 4Q of 2017, OPEC had announced extending the cuts once again in 2018. The production cuts have gained traction as the global oil markets’ supply/demand rebalanced and global stock piles haven decreased materially. For 2018, we see a second prevailing theme emerging, which is global demand. The International Energy Agency (IEA) in its most recent monthly oil market report for February 2018 is forecasting global demand to increase by 1.4 million barrels per day in 2018 with peak demand of 100.0 million barrels per day in the 4Q of 2018. The Energy Information Administration (“EIA”), in its “Short-Term Energy Outlook” dated March 6, 2018 is forecasting that U.S. crude oil production will average 10.7 million b/d in 2018, which would mark the highest annual average U.S. crude oil production level, surpassing the previous record of 9.6 million b/d set in 1970. In the same report, the EIA is forecasting WTI oil prices to average $58 a barrel for both 2018 and 2019.

 

Natural Gas – The Energy Information Administration (“EIA”), in its “Short-Term Energy Outlook” dated March 6, 2018 estimates that U.S. dry natural gas production averaged 73.6 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in 2017. The EIA forecasts that natural gas production will average 81.7 Bcf/d in 2018, establishing a new record. That level would be 8.1 Bcf/d higher than the 2017 level and the highest annual average growth on record. The EIA forecasts dry gas consumption will average 78.19 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) while net exports will average 2.09 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) in 2018. The EIA expects Henry Hub spot prices to average $2.99/MMBtu for all of 2018. In 2019, EIA forecasts prices will average $3.07/MMBtu. No assurance can be given that this outlook will prove to be accurate.

 

Our Strategy

 

Foothills Exploration’s strategic objective is to build a portfolio of producing properties that have low operating costs, long lived reserves and upside development potential. Foothills’ goal is to build a land bank of over 200,000 acres of proven, probable and prospective reserves during this period of relatively low commodity pricing. Foothills intends to accomplish this by acquiring oil and gas properties with attractive valuation metrics and attractive geological risk/reward profiles that are better positioned to benefit from an improvement in commodity prices. Foothills’ primary focus is the Rocky Mountain region, where its consultants and technical staff have conducted successful oil and gas operations. The Company’s geographical focus, regional experience and strategic industry relationships advantageously position the Company to acquire high quality oil and gas assets at attractive valuations in the current environment.

 

The Company’s acquisitions and roll up strategy is based on identifying high-quality, non-core, stranded and distressed assets in the U.S. Rocky Mountain region, which are selling at a discount to intrinsic value. The Company is primarily focused on acquiring oil and gas assets that come with current production, existing infrastructure in place and future developmental potential. Acquired assets are subsequently optimized to maximize production and create shareholder value. The Company’s strategy includes targeting adjacent oil and gas properties with similar characteristics for bolt on acquisitions to increase its total acreage in a concentrated geographical area, enabling us to optimize the profitable operation of those assets. The business of the Company involves:

 

  Identifying, evaluating and making strategic acquisitions of producing oil and gas properties;
     
  Integrating, optimizing and operating the assets acquired;
     
  Developing the properties to grow proved reserves; and
     
  Consolidating additional acreage nearby existing controlled acreage.

 

Foothills seeks to acquire high quality oil and gas assets that have been underexplored and underdeveloped. The industry’s recent flight to the Permian and Delaware Basins has encouraged major exploration and production companies to divest of quality non-core assets in other (secondary) basins in other regions, such as the Rocky Mountains, in order to generate cash for reinvestment into their core (primary) target investment basins like the Permian or Delaware Basins. The Company aims to achieve a lower cost of entry and generate an overall better return on invested capital by acquiring assets at a discount to inherent value, optimizing and developing those assets and then operating those assets profitably, even at current energy prices. Management believes that accomplishing these objectives will create and maximize shareholder value in the long term.

 

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Wyoming Properties

 

The principal Wyoming assets owned by the Company currently consist of non-producing, yet prospective mineral leases in the Ladysmith project.

 

Ladysmith Project

 

Foothills owns a 75% working interest in the Ladysmith Anticline prospect that is located in Fremont County, Wyoming. Total acreage position is 3,061 acres located between the Great Divide/Greater Green River Basin and the Wind River Basin. The primary target zones are the variable Phosphoria and Tensleep sandstone with secondary considerations in the Madison limestone and Flathead sandstone. The prospect generation was based on licensed 2-D seismic comprising of two seismic lines covering the Chevron/Echo – Greater Green River Basin. Foothills’ has conducted two BLM onsite inspections to date and work continues on a surface access use agreement, completion of drilling unit outline and a schedule for BLM area and depth meeting in the near term. Spring conditions will soon enable Foothills to gain access to prospect area and commence Right of Way (ROW) application, surveying and archeology study. Additional BLM acreage acquisition and federal unit formation are continued processes, with detailed development plans for surface use being formulated.

 

Springs Project

 

During Q4 2017, the Company allowed the BLM leases for the Springs project to expire without paying additional delay rental payments. The primary terms on these leases were due to expire in Q4 2018 and in the view of management l it was not in the best interest of the Company to continue exploratory efforts onthis speculative, wildcat play., Management concluded that Company resources would be better redirected to continue seeking lower-risk acquisitions of producing oil and gas properties rather than take additional wildcat drilling risk on this prospect. The Company currently no longer owns the mineral rights for this project. As the result, the Company recognized impairment of oil and gas property in amount of $150,593, during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Paw Paw Project

 

The Paw Paw project is a 3-D seismic defined prospect, which covers 4,467 acres and is a direct analog to the highly productive Tensleep Formation “Enigma” Field (EUR 3.7 million barrels of oil) located only two miles to the south. The Tensleep Formation has a history of prolific area production with two nearby analogues. The Paw Paw project has potential from primary and secondary recovery of up to 2 million barrels of oil. On December 11, 2016, the Company completed drilling operations on the Paw Paw Federal #1 test well. The Big Horn County Wyoming test well reached total depth in the Madison Formation and the Company successfully logged and acquired valid data to further evaluate the project’s potential. The Company’s technical team and consulting geological firm, Geopinion® Inc., is continuing to evaluate test well results and further interpret and analyze 3D seismic data in order to identify favorable potential future locations for possible commercial wells. The test well has been temporarily abandoned while the parties continue to analyze results during the evaluation stage.

 

The Paw Paw Federal #1 test well reached total depth in the Madison Formation after drilling an anticipated stratigraphic section and thrust fault. Oil shows were found in the Muddy, Phosphoria, and Madison formations. The Phosphoria is a regionally productive formation and could end up being the secondary zone in sidetrack operations should that type of operation be deemed commercially economic. Upon evaluation of the test well’s seismic structural position and analysis of modern well log data, the technical team has determined that a successful sidetrack operation is likely to yield commercial oil reserves from the Tensleep and any other sands with oil shows and concurred that the test well, which is temporarily abandoned, should be considered for re-entry. The Company intends to sidetrack this well with the objective of eventually completing this well to produce commercial quantities of hydrocarbons from the target formation. We encountered a fault while drilling the well, which required additional geological and engineering work. The Company has since mapped out the issue and intends to continue drilling operations. The Company has deferred recommencing drilling operations because certain lease title issues were encountered during the period of geological discovery, which the Company is currently working to mend. The Company intends to recommence continuous operations with the objective of sidetracking this well to produce commercial quantities of hydrocarbons from the target formation during Q3 2018, once certain wildlife stipulations affecting oil and gas operations on the BLM lands surrounding this well come to an end. No assurance can be given that these precise efforts by our experienced technical team and our further development efforts of the prospect, including further drilling activity, will yield a commercially successful well.

 

Ironwood Project

 

The Company had intended to drill a test well on the Ironwood prospect during the first half of 2017 but was unable to do so within the agreement term and as such, the Company failed to earn into this prospect to hold the acreage from current production and no longer has any rights to this project. During the second half of 2017 Management decided to focus its full attention on acquiring and developing properties with existing reserves and infield development opportunities rather than take additional wildcat drilling risk on any prospect.

 

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Utah Properties

 

Tiger Energy Operating, LLC

 

Tiger Energy Operating, LLC, (“TEO”) is a licensed and bonded oil and gas operator in the state of Utah. TEO is the operator of record for a total of six oil and gas wells situated on 280 acres in the Duck Creek area of the Altamont Bluebell field located in Uintah County Utah. In January 2017, the Company successfully worked over two Duck Creek wells obtaining production from the Green River formation. During the calendar year 2017, the Company sold a total of approximately 2,137 barrels of oil, which were produced from three of its Duck Creek wells. The Company has developed a Duck Creek optimization program and seeks to raise approximately $900,000 to complete workover operations on these wells, which are expected to increase total production to approximately 210 barrels of oil per day. Management anticipates obtaining the necessary capital enabling the Company to implement this workover program during the current fiscal year. TEO has cash and surety bonds in place with the Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Indian Affairs and Utah Department of Natural Resources Division of Oil, Gas and Mining that are valued at about $295,000.

 

Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC

 

Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC, (“TEPI”) owns all rights and interests pertaining to the Global Settlement Agreement (“GSA”) for the Uintah and Ouray Reservation between Mountain Oil & Gas, Inc. and the MOG Entities (Craig Phillips) and the Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation, dated December 22, 2014. TEPI also owns all rights and interests acquired in the Purchase and Sale Agreements between TEPI and Mountain Oil & Gas, Inc. dated April 16, 2012, and December 18, 2012. TEPI expects to move forward with this transaction in 2018 via a revised Global Settlement Agreement with the parties to said agreement.

 

Tiger Energy Mineral Leasing, LLC

 

Tiger Energy Mineral Leasing, LLC (“TEML”) owns non-operated working interest in certain leases located in Duchesne County, Utah, which were previously operated by Rig II, LLC. In 2017, Rig II, LLC, sold its operating rights in said leases to Crescent Point Energy Corp. (NYSE: CPG), who is the current operator of record for these leases. The Company realized approximately $4,532 in total net revenues during 2017 from this non-operated working interest. In addition, TEML also owns a 40% working interest, in the Ladysmith prospect, which brings the Company’s total working interest in this prospect to 75%. TEML also owns all rights and interests pertaining to the Rio Capital Acquisition dated September 25, 2014, pertaining to oil and gas leases in the Altamont-Bluebell field located in Duchesne and Uintah Counties, Utah.

 

Utah Operations

 

In January 2017, the Company successfully worked over two wells in its Duck Creek project obtaining production from the Green River formation. During the calendar year 2017, the Company sold a total of approximately 2,137 barrels of oil, which were produced from three of its Duck Creek wells. As of the date of this report, these wells were in a non-producing state, but the Company plans to bring these wells back into production in the near term, as soon as it is practical to do so. The Company had anticipated reworking the remaining wells in its Duck Creek project during the latter half of 2017 but was unable to do so due to capital constraints. However, the Company anticipates being able to execute on the Duck Creek rework program during the current fiscal year, assuming the necessary drilling capital (~ $900,000) is secured for this project.

 

Plan of Operations

 

Over the near-term the Company believes that it is well positioned to capitalize on the current relatively low-price environment. Foothills intends to acquire dislocated oil and gas assets as well as non-core assets from larger exploration and production companies seeking to divest assets in secondary basins as the industry continues its migration to the Permian and Delaware Basins. In addition to a favorable macroeconomic environment for acquiring attractive oil and gas assets, management intends to leverage Foothills’ geographical focus in the Rocky Mountain region. Foothills is focused on acquiring and rolling up smaller operators in a considerably fragmented oil and gas market and through consolidation, management believes Foothills can effectively scale its production and acreage position and collectively unlock value in the acquired oil and gas assets to create shareholder value.

 

Acquiring Additional Assets

 

On May 10, 2017, the Company entered into a purchase and sale agreement (PSA), with an undisclosed seller, to acquire 67,330 gross acres (49,600 net acres) held by production in Utah and Colorado. This acquisition was anticipated to close by or before June 30, 2017, such closing being subject to traditional representations, warranties, covenants and adjustments including, but not limited to lien releases, cures of any defective title matters, satisfaction of leases and amendments thereto. However, in August 2017, the parties by mutual agreement terminated the PSA.

 

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The Company is currently targeting several prospective acquisitions in a tightly defined geographical area of interest, which meet certain metrics and future development potential. Management’s current focus has shifted to oil-weighted projects, given crude’s moderate recovery in recent months and the desire to diversify the Company’s current natural gas-weighted projects. The Company anticipates that future acquisitions will be funded through the sale of common stock, debt and cash generated from the Company’s financing activities, including public, private and institutional offerings in capital market transactions and future reserve-based lending activities. Subject to the securing of additional capital, the Company anticipates the expenditure of up to $45 million to fund additional bolt-on acquisitions of producing properties, which can potentially be leveraged and optimized by applying its technical capabilities and improving operational efficiencies. Although the Company is currently evaluating several prospective acquisitions, which meet its criteria and anticipates making an announcement regarding its next acquisition in the near term, no assurance can be given that it will be successful in any of these endeavors.

 

Retain Operational Control and Significant Working Interest

 

In its principal acquisition and development targets, the Company aims to preserve operational control of its development and drilling activities. As the operator for its projects, the Company retains more control over the timing, selection and process of drilling prospects and completion design, which enhances its ability to maximize the return on invested capital and gives greater control over the timing, allocation and amounts of capital expenditures. However, the Company will always evaluate and consider making strategic acquisitions of non-operated working interest in certain projects with world-class operators that are located within our geographical areas of interest.

 

Non-Operated Working Interest in Projects with World-Class Operators

 

On October 19, 2017, the Company announced that it had acquired a 21% non-operated working interest in two (2) horizontal gas wells in the Uinta Basin from an undisclosed party. Both wells are operated by EOG Resources, Inc. (NYSE: EOG). These wells fit with the Company’s overall growth strategy for the Basin and provides us with the ability to gain insight from a world-class operator. In February 2018, the Company announced the successful drilling, completion and flow testing of the Stagecoach 111-20H and Stagecoach 117-20H horizontal wells, both of which are now producing natural gas in commercial quantities. Both wells have been online since late December 2017 and production tubing is expected to be set in the near term. These two successful horizontal wells will generate production and net cash flow for the Company and are expected to payout within 30 months. Both wells have been classified as confidential by the operator with the State of Utah Division of Oil, Gas and Mining.

 

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors.

 

The statements that are not historical facts contained in this Form 10-K are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements reflect the current belief, expectations or intent of our management and are subject to and involve certain risks and uncertainties. Many of these risks and uncertainties are outside of our control and are difficult for us to forecast or mitigate. An investment in our common stock is speculative and involves a high degree of risk. In addition to the risks described elsewhere in this Form 10-K and in certain of our other filings with the US Securities and Exchange Commission, the following important factors, among others, could cause our actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by us in any forward-looking statements contained herein or made elsewhere by or on behalf of us. The risks described below are not the only risks we face. If any of the events described in the following risk factors actually occurs, or if additional risks and uncertainties later materialize that are not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial, then our business, prospects, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected. In that event, the trading price of our common stock or our warrants could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment in our common stock.

 

RISK FACTORS RELATED TO OUR COMPANY

 

Our business has a very limited operating history and is unproven, and therefore very risky.

 

We were formed in May 2010, under the name of “Key Link Assets Corp.” for the purpose of acquiring a portfolio of heavily discounted real estate properties in the Chicago metropolitan area. The Company changed its focus and planned to acquire small and medium sized grocery stores in non-urban locales that are not directly served by large national supermarket chains. In May 2016, the Company completed a share exchange agreement with the shareholders of Foothills Petroleum, Inc., after which time the Company changed its focus to operate as an independent oil and gas exploration and production company. As such, we have only recently begun operations under the business plan discussed herein. Potential investors should be aware of the risks and difficulties encountered by a new enterprise in the oil and gas industry, especially in view of the material amounts of capital required, the drilling and other operational and commodity fluctuation risks, as well as intense competition from existing companies in the same industry segments as we operate.

 

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We have no significant revenue history and have a short history of operations.

 

We have only recently begun operations in the oil and gas industry. From its inception in December 2015 through December 31, 2017, Foothills produced limited revenues from its principal business operations and is currently still an exploration stage company. Prior to January 2016, Foothills had minimal operations that were focused mainly on administrative activities connected to the identification and evaluation of potential oil and gas prospects and other potential leasehold acquisitions in our geographical areas of interest.

 

We are not profitable and the business effort is considered to be in an early stage of operations. We must be regarded as a new or development venture with all of the unforeseen costs, expenses, problems, material risks and difficulties to which such ventures are subject.

 

We can give no assurance of success or profitability to our investors.

 

There is no assurance that we will ever operate profitably, or that we will generate adequate revenues to offset our operating costs or that the market price of our common stock will be increased thereby.

 

We may have a shortage of working capital in the future which could jeopardize our ability to carry out our business plan.

 

Our operating capital needs consist primarily of expenses related to geological evaluation, general and administrative and potential exploration participation. We are currently seeking to raise more than $5 million and are currently engaged in discussions with financing sources. The Company is currently evaluating several potential acquisitions and will likely need additional capital in the form of equity or debt, including possible bank debt. Such funds are not currently committed and no assurance can be given that we will be able to secure such financing on favorable terms or on any terms at all. The failure to obtain such funds will have a negative impact on our ability to fund daily activities and materially and adversely affect the execution of our business plan.

 

If we find oil and gas reserves to exist on a prospect, we will need substantial additional financing to fund the necessary exploration and development work. Furthermore, if the results of that exploration and development work are successful, we will need to obtain substantial additional funds for continued development. We will need to obtain the necessary funds either through debt or equity financing, some form of cost-sharing arrangement with others, or the sale of all or part of the property. There is no assurance that we will be successful in obtaining any financing. These various financing alternatives may dilute the interest of our shareholders and/or reduce our interest in the properties.

 

We will need additional financing for which we have no commitments, and this may jeopardize execution of our business plan.

 

The oil and gas industry is capital intensive. We make and expect to continue to make substantial capital expenditures in our business and operations for the exploration, development, drilling, production and acquisition of properties, crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids reserves. We intend to finance our future capital expenditures primarily with sales of our securities, cash flow from operations as well as privately secured and institutionally obtained borrowings. Our cash flow from operations and access to equity and debt capital is subject to a number of variables, including:

 

  Our anticipated, probable and proved reserves.
     
  The level of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids we are or might be able to produce from existing wells.
     
  The prices at which crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids are sold.
     
  Our ability to acquire, locate and produce new reserves and valuable acreage prospects.

 

We have limited funds, and such funds currently are not adequate to execute our business plan in the oil and gas industry. We may not be able to obtain debt or equity financing on terms favorable to us, or at all. In particular, the cost of raising money in the debt and equity capital markets has increased substantially, while the availability of funds from those markets generally has diminished significantly, particularly for small, early stage companies such as ours. Also, as a result of concerns about the stability of financial markets generally and the recent and future Federal Reserve interest rate hikes, the cost of obtaining money from the credit markets generally has increased as many lenders and institutional investors have increased interest rates, enacted tighter lending standards, may refuse to extend or refinance existing debt at maturity on terms that are similar to existing debt, and reduced, or in some cases ceased, to provide funding to borrowers. The failure to obtain additional financing could result in a material curtailment of our operations relating to acquisitions, exploration and development of our prospects, which in turn could lead to a possible loss of properties and a decline in our crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids reserves.

 

We may in the future issue more shares which could cause a loss of control by our present management and current stockholders.

 

We may issue further shares as consideration for the cash or assets or services out of our authorized but unissued common stock that would, upon issuance, represent a majority of the voting power and equity of our Company. The result of such an issuance would be that those new stockholders and management would control our Company, and thereafter persons unknown could replace our management. Such an occurrence would result in a greatly reduced percentage of ownership of our Company by our current shareholders, which could present significant risks to investors.

 

12
 

 

We have warrants issued and outstanding which are convertible into our common stock. A conversion of such equity instruments could have a dilutive effect to existing shareholders.

 

As of December 31, 2017, we have warrants issued and outstanding exercisable into 2,683,515 shares of our common stock, that are exercisable in whole or in part, at exercise prices which range from $0.665 per share up to $4.00 per share. The weighted average exercise price is $1.56 per share. The exercise of the warrants into shares of our common stock may have a dilutive effect to the holdings of our existing shareholders.

 

We depend upon management, but we may at times have limited participation of management.

 

Currently our directors are also acting as our officers. We are heavily dependent upon their skills, talents, and abilities, as well as several consultants to us, to implement our business plan, and may, from time to time, find that the inability of our directors and consultants to devote their full-time attention to our business results in a delay in progress toward implementing our business plan. Consultants may be employed on a part-time basis under a contract to be determined.

 

Some of our directors are, or may become, in their individual capacities, officers, directors, controlling shareholders and/or partners of other entities engaged in a variety of businesses. Thus, some of our directors may have potential conflicts including their time and efforts involved in participation with other business entities. Because investors will not be able to manage our business, they should critically assess all of the information concerning our officers and directors.

 

We have agreed to indemnification of officers and directors.

 

Delaware and Nevada statutes provide for the indemnification of our directors, officers, employees, and agents, under certain circumstances, against attorney’s fees and other expenses incurred by them in any litigation to which they become a party arising from their association with or activities on our behalf. We will also bear the expenses of such litigation for any of our directors, officers, employees, or agents, upon such person’s promise to repay us therefore if it is ultimately determined that any such person shall not have been entitled to indemnification. This indemnification policy could result in substantial expenditures by us that we will be unable to recoup.

 

Financial Statements contained in this report are unaudited.

 

The financial statements included in this report are unaudited and subject to adjustment upon completion of the audit process. As a consequence, investors should not place undue reliance on these financial statements. Although management believes that the financial statements are accurate in all material respects, no assurance can be given that those financial statements upon completion of the audit process will not require materially negative adjustment.

 

RISK FACTORS RELATING TO OUR BUSINESS

 

Our oil and gas operations have numerous risks which could render us unsuccessful.

 

The search for new oil and gas reserves and the operation of oil and gas properties frequently results in unprofitable efforts. We have for example experienced two commercially unproductive wells drilled. Existing wells acquired may become costly to refurbish and maintain, resulting in losses. There is no assurance that we will find or produce oil or gas from any of the wells we have acquired or which may be acquired by us, nor are there any assurances that if we ever obtain any production it will be profitable.

 

We have substantial competitors who have an advantage over us in resources and management.

 

Most of our competitors have materially greater financial resources, technical expertise and managerial capabilities than us and, consequently, we are at a competitive disadvantage in identifying, developing or exploring suitable prospects. Our competitors’ resources could overwhelm our restricted efforts to acquire and explore oil and gas prospects and cause failure of our business plan.

 

We will be subject to all of the market forces in the energy business, many of which could pose a significant risk to our operations.

 

The marketing of natural gas and oil, which may be produced by our prospects, will be affected by a number of factors beyond our control. These factors include the extent of the supply of oil or gas in the market, the availability of competitive fuels, crude oil imports, the world-wide political situation, price regulation, and other factors. Current economic and market conditions have created dramatic fluctuations in oil prices. Any significant decrease in the market prices of oil and gas could materially affect our profitability of oil and gas activities.

 

There generally are only a limited number of gas transmission companies with existing pipelines in the vicinity of a gas well or wells. In the event that producing gas properties are not subject to purchase contracts or that any such contracts terminate and other parties do not purchase our gas production, there is no assurance that we will be able to enter into purchase contracts with any transmission companies or other purchasers of natural gas and there can be no assurance regarding the price, which such purchasers would be willing to pay for such gas. There may, on occasion, be an oversupply of oil or gas in the marketplace or in pipelines, the extent and duration of which may affect prices adversely. Such oversupply may result in reductions of purchases and prices paid to producers by principal oil or gas pipeline purchasers.

 

13
 

 

We believe investors should consider certain negative aspects of our operations that could result in material losses.

 

Dry Holes: We may expend substantial funds acquiring and potentially participating in exploring properties, which we later determine not to be productive. All funds so expended may result in a total loss to us.

 

Technical Assistance: We will find it necessary to employ technical assistance in the operation of our business. When we deem it appropriate to seek such assistance, we believe it is likely to be available at compensation levels that we would be unable to pay.

 

Uncertainty of Title: We will attempt to acquire leases or interests in leases by option, lease, farmout, participation agreement or by purchase. The validity of title to oil and gas property depends upon numerous circumstances and factual matters (many of which are not discoverable of record or by other readily available means) and is subject to many uncertainties of existing law and our application.

 

Government Regulations: The area of exploration of natural resources has become significantly regulated by state and federal governmental agencies, and such regulation could have an adverse effect on our operations. Compliance with statutes and regulations governing the oil and gas industry could significantly increase the capital expenditures necessary to develop our prospects.

 

Nature of our Business: Our business is highly speculative, involves the commitment of high-risk capital, and exposes us to potentially substantial losses. In addition, we will be in direct competition with other organizations, which are significantly better financed and staffed than we are.

 

General Economic and Other Conditions: Our business may be adversely affected from time to time by such matters as changes in general economic, industrial and international conditions; changes in taxes; oil and gas prices and costs; excess oil and gas supplies and other factors of a general nature.

 

Our business is subject to significant weather interruptions.

 

Our activities may be subject to periodic interruptions due to weather conditions. Weather-imposed restrictions during certain times of the year on roads accessing properties could adversely affect our ability to benefit from production on such properties or could increase the costs of drilling new wells or costs of operating existing wells because of delays.

 

Our use of 2D and 3D seismic data is subject to interpretation and may not accurately identify the presence of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids. In addition, the use of such technology requires greater predrilling expenditures, which could adversely affect the results of our drilling operations.

 

In making the decision to drill our initial two wells in the Paw Paw and Labokay prospects, we made material use of 2D and 3D seismic data and those two wells drilled did not yield commercial shows of oil or gas. Our decisions to purchase, explore, develop and exploit prospects or properties will continue to depend in part on data obtained through geophysical and geological analyses, production data and engineering studies, the results of which are uncertain. However, even when used and properly interpreted, 2D and 3D seismic data and visualization techniques only assist geoscientists and geologists in identifying subsurface structures and hydrocarbon indicators. They do not allow the interpreter to know if hydrocarbons are present or producible economically. Other geologists and petroleum professionals, when studying the same seismic data, may have significantly different interpretations than our professionals.

 

In addition, the use of 3D seismic and other advanced technologies requires greater predrilling expenditures than traditional drilling strategies, and we could incur losses due to such expenditures or otherwise in the acquisition of that data. As a result, our drilling activities may not be geologically successful or economical, and our overall drilling success rate or our drilling success rate for activities in a particular area may not improve.

 

The potential lack of availability of, or cost of, drilling rigs, equipment, supplies, personnel and crude oil field services could adversely affect our ability to execute on a timely basis our exploration and development plans within our budget.

 

When the prices of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids increase, or the demand for equipment and services is greater than the supply in certain areas, such as those in which we operate, we expect to encounter an increase in the cost of securing drilling rigs, equipment, oil field services and supplies. In addition, larger producers may be more likely to secure access to such equipment by offering more lucrative terms. If we are unable to acquire access to such resources, or can obtain access only at higher prices, our ability to locate and generate production or to convert our reserves into cash flow could be delayed and the cost of seeking or producing those reserves could increase significantly, which would adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

 

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Natural gas and oil prices fluctuate widely, and a continued substantial or extended decline in natural gas and oil prices would adversely affect our revenues, profitability and growth, and could have a material adverse effect on the business, the results of operations and financial condition of the Company.

 

Our revenues, profitability and future growth depend significantly on natural gas and crude oil prices. Natural gas and crude oil prices recovered moderately in 2017 and have continued to increase moderately through the first quarter of 2018. The markets for these commodities are volatile and prices received affect the amount of future cash flow available for capital expenditures and repayment of indebtedness, and our ability to raise additional capital through the sale of our securities or other capital raising techniques. Lower prices also affect the amount of natural gas and oil that we might economically produce. Factors that can cause price fluctuations include:

 

  Overall economic conditions, domestic and global;
     
  The domestic and foreign supply of natural gas and oil;
     
  The level of consumer demand for refined products;
     
  Adverse weather conditions and natural disasters;
     
  The price and availability of competitive fuels such as LNG, heating oil and coal;
     
  Political conditions in the Middle East and other natural gas and oil producing regions;
     
  The ability of the members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and other oil exporting nations to agree to and maintain oil price and production controls;
     
  Domestic and foreign governmental regulations;
     
  Special taxes on production;
     
  Access to pipelines and gas processing plants; and
     
  The loss of tax credits and deductions.

 

A substantial or extended decline in natural gas and oil prices could have a material adverse effect on our access to capital and the quantities of natural gas and oil that may be economically produced by us.

 

Reserve estimates depend on many assumptions that may turn out to be inaccurate. Inaccuracies in these reserve estimates or underlying assumptions may materially affect the quantities and net present value of our reserves. The Company’s current estimates of reserves could change, potentially in material amounts, in the future, in particular due to fluctuations in commodity prices.

 

The process of estimating crude oil and natural gas reserves is complex and inherently imprecise. It requires interpretation of available technical data and many assumptions, including assumptions relating to current and future economic conditions, production rates, drilling and operating expenses, and commodity prices. Any significant inaccuracy in these interpretations or assumptions could materially affect our estimated quantities and net present value of our reserves.

 

In order to prepare reserve estimates, we must project production rates and the amount and timing of future development expenditures. Our booked proved undeveloped reserves must be developed within five years from the date of initial booking under SEC reserve rules. Changes in the timing of development plans that impact our ability to develop such reserves within the required time frame could result in fluctuations in reserves value between periods as reserves booked in one period may need to be removed or reevaluated in a subsequent period.

 

We must also analyze available geological, geophysical, production and engineering data in preparing reserve estimates. The extent, quality and reliability of this data can vary with the uncertainty of decline curves and the ability to model heterogeneity of the porosity, permeability and pressure relationships in unconventional resources. The process also requires economic assumptions, based on historical data but projected into the future, about matters such as crude oil and natural gas prices, drilling and operating expenses, capital expenditures, taxes and availability of funds.

 

The prices used in calculating our estimated proved reserves are, in accordance with SEC requirements, calculated by determining the unweighted arithmetic average of the first-day-of-the-month commodity prices for the preceding 12 months. Commodity prices recovered moderately in 2017 and 2018 to date, and if such prices should fluctuate significantly, our future calculations of estimated proved reserves may also fluctuate accordingly.

 

Actual future production, crude oil and natural gas prices, revenues, taxes, development expenditures, operating expenses and quantities of recoverable crude oil and natural gas reserves will vary and could vary significantly from our estimates. Any significant variance could materially affect the estimated quantities and net present value of our reserves, which in turn could have an adverse effect on the value of our assets. In addition, we may adjust estimates of proved reserves, potentially in material amounts, to reflect production history, results of exploration and development, prevailing crude oil and natural gas prices and other factors, many of which are beyond our control.

 

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The present value of future net revenues from our proved reserves will not necessarily be the same as the current market value of our estimated crude oil and natural gas reserves and, in particular, may be reduced due to the recent significant decline in commodity prices.

 

You should not assume that the present value of future net revenues from our proved reserves is the current market value of our estimated crude oil and natural gas reserves. In accordance with SEC rules, we will base the estimated discounted future net revenues from proven reserves on the 12-month unweighted arithmetic average of the first-day-of-the-month commodity prices for the preceding twelve months. Actual future prices may be materially higher or lower than the SEC pricing used in these calculations. Actual future net revenues from crude oil and natural gas properties will be affected by factors such as:

 

  the actual prices we receive for sales of crude oil and natural gas;
     
  the actual cost and timing of development and production expenditures;
     
  the timing and amount of actual production; and
     
  changes in governmental regulations or taxation.

 

The timing of both our production and our incurrence of expenses in connection with the development and production of crude oil and natural gas properties will affect the timing and amount of actual future net revenues from proved reserves, and thus their actual net present value. In addition, the 10% discount factor we use when calculating discounted future net revenues may not be the most appropriate discount factor based on interest rates in effect from time to time and risks associated with our reserves or the crude oil and natural gas industry in general.

 

We may be required to write down the carrying values of our crude oil and natural gas properties if crude oil prices remain at their current levels or decline further.

 

Accounting rules require that we periodically review the carrying values of our crude oil and natural gas properties for possible impairment. Based on specific market factors, prices, and circumstances at the time of prospective impairment reviews, and the continuing evaluation of development plans, production data, economics and other factors, we may be required to write down the carrying values of our crude oil and natural gas properties. A write-down results in a non-cash charge to earnings. We may incur additional impairment charges in the future, particularly if crude oil prices remain at their currently low levels or decline further, which could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations for the periods in which such charges are taken

 

We are subject to significant operating hazards and uninsured risk in the energy industry.

 

Our proposed operations will be subject to all of the operating hazards and risks normally incident to exploring, drilling for and producing oil and gas, such as encountering unusual or unexpected formations and pressures, blowouts, environmental pollution and personal injury. We currently maintain general liability insurance but we do not expect to obtain insurance against such things as blowouts and pollution risks because of the prohibitive expense. Should we sustain an uninsured loss or liability, or a loss in excess of policy limits, our ability to operate may be materially adversely affected.

 

We are subject to substantial government regulation in the energy industry which could adversely impact us.

 

The production and sale of oil and gas are subject to regulation by state and federal authorities, the spacing of wells and the prevention of waste. There are both federal and state laws regarding environmental controls, which may necessitate significant capital outlays resulting in extended delays, materially affect our earnings potential and/or cause material changes in our business. We cannot predict what legislation, if any, may be passed by Congress or state legislatures in the future, or the effect of such legislation, if any, on us. Such regulations may have a significant effect on our operating results.

 

RISK FACTORS RELATED TO OUR STOCK

 

The regulation of penny stocks by SEC and FINRA may discourage the tradability of our securities.

 

We are a “penny stock” company. Our securities are subject to a Securities and Exchange Commission rule that imposes special sales practice requirements upon broker-dealers who sell such securities to persons other than established customers or accredited investors. For purposes of the rule, the phrase “accredited investors” means, in general terms, institutions with assets in excess of $5,000,000, or individuals having a net worth in excess of $1,000,000, excluding the primary residence, or having an annual income that exceeds $200,000 (or that, when combined with a spouse’s income, exceeds $300,000). For transactions covered by the rule, the broker-dealer must make a special suitability determination for the purchaser and receive the purchaser’s written agreement to the transaction prior to the sale. Effectively, this discourages broker-dealers from executing trades in penny stocks. Consequently, this rule will affect the ability of purchasers of our common stock to sell their securities in any market that might develop therefore because it imposes additional regulatory burdens on penny stock transactions.

 

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In addition, the Securities and Exchange Commission has adopted a number of rules to regulate “penny stocks”. Such rules include Rules 3a51-1, 15g-1, 15g-2, 15g-3, 15g-4, 15g-5, 15g-6, 15g-7, and 15g-9 under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Because our securities constitute “penny stocks” within the meaning of the rules, the rules would apply to us and to our securities. The rules will further affect the ability of owners of shares to sell our securities in any market that might develop for them because it imposes additional regulatory burdens on penny stock transactions.

 

Shareholders should be aware that, according to Securities and Exchange Commission, the market for penny stocks has suffered in recent years from patterns of fraud and abuse. Such patterns include (i) control of the market for the security by one or a few broker-dealers that are often related to the promoter or issuer; (ii) manipulation of prices through prearranged matching of purchases and sales and false and misleading press releases; (iii) “boiler room” practices involving high-pressure sales tactics and unrealistic price projections by inexperienced sales persons; (iv) excessive and undisclosed bid-ask differentials and markups by selling broker-dealers; and (v) the wholesale dumping of the same securities by promoters and broker-dealers after prices have been manipulated.

 

We will pay no foreseeable dividends in the future.

 

We have not paid dividends on our common stock and do not anticipate paying such dividends in the foreseeable future.

 

Our investors may suffer future dilution due to issuances of shares for various considerations in the future.

 

There may be substantial dilution to our shareholders as a result of future decisions of the Board to issue shares, without shareholder approval, for cash, services, or acquisitions.

 

At December 31, 2017, we have warrants issued and outstanding exercisable into 2,683,515 shares of our common stock at exercise prices which range from $0.665 per share up to $4.00 per share. The weighted average exercise price is $1.56 per share. They are exercisable in whole or in part. The exercise of the warrants into shares of our common stock likely would have a dilutive effect to the holdings of our existing shareholders.

 

Rule 144 sales in the future may have a depressive effect on our stock price.

 

Outstanding shares of common stock held by our present officers, directors, and affiliate stockholders are “restricted securities” within the meaning of Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. As restricted shares, these shares may be resold only pursuant to an effective registration statement or under the requirements of Rule 144 or other applicable exemptions from registration under the Act and as required under applicable state securities laws. Rule 144 provides in essence that a person who has held restricted securities for six months, under certain conditions, sell every three months, in brokerage transactions, a number of shares that does not exceed the greater of at least 1.0% of a company’s outstanding common stock or the average weekly trading volume during the four calendar weeks prior to the sale. There is no limit on the amount of restricted securities that may be sold by a nonaffiliate after the owner has held the restricted securities for a period of six months. A sale under Rule 144 or under any other exemption from the Act, if available, or pursuant to subsequent registration of shares of common stock of present stockholders, may have a depressive effect upon the price of the common stock in any market that may develop.

 

Our common stock may be volatile, which substantially increases the risk that you may not be able to sell your shares at or above the price that you may pay for the shares.

 

Because of the limited trading market for our common stock and because of the possible price volatility, you may not be able to sell your shares of common stock when you desire to do so. The inability to sell your shares in a rapidly declining market may substantially increase your risk of loss because of such illiquidity and because the price for our securities may suffer greater declines because of our price volatility.

 

Certain factors, some of which are beyond our control, that may cause our share price to fluctuate significantly include, but are not limited to the following:

 

  Variations in our quarterly operating results;
     
  Loss of a key relationship or failure to complete significant transactions;
     
  Additions or departures of key personnel; and
     
  Fluctuations in stock market price and volume.

 

Additionally, in recent years the stock market in general, and the over-the-counter markets in particular, have experienced extreme price and volume fluctuations. In some cases, these fluctuations are unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of the underlying company. These market and industry factors may materially and adversely affect our stock price, regardless of our operating performance. In the past, class action litigation often has been brought against companies following periods of volatility in the market price of those companies’ common stock. If we become involved in this type of litigation in the future, it could result in substantial costs and diversion of management attention and resources, which could have a further negative effect on your investment in our stock.

 

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Our business is highly speculative and the investment is therefore risky.

 

Due to the speculative nature of our business, it is possible that investment in our common stock will result in a total loss to the investor. Investors should be able to financially bear the loss of their entire investment. Investment should, therefore, be limited to that portion of discretionary funds not needed for normal living purposes or for reserves for disability and retirement.

 

Additional risks and uncertainties may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results.

 

Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and/or operating results. Our financial statements reflect that our current liabilities exceed our current assets and it is possible that the historical value of the assets that we record on our books may not be attained on a sale or other disposition for cash. We require substantial additional operating capital to maintain current operations and to implement even a portion of our identified acquisitions and workovers. Additional capital, if available at all, will likely be on onerous terms that are also dilutive to our shareholders. No assurance can be given that we will obtain any additional capital. As a consequence, an investment in our shares or other securities is extremely speculative and may result in a complete loss of your investment.

 

ITEM 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

ITEM 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

From time to time, we may be involved in routine legal proceedings, as well as demands, claims and threatened litigation that arise in the normal course of our business. The ultimate amount of liability, if any, for any claims of any type (either alone or in the aggregate) may materially and adversely affect our financial condition, results of operations and liquidity. In addition, the ultimate outcome of any litigation is uncertain. Any outcome, whether favorable or unfavorable, could materially and adversely affect us due to legal costs and expenses, diversion of management attention and other factors. We expense legal costs in the period incurred. We cannot assure you that additional contingencies of a legal nature or contingencies having legal aspects will not be asserted against us in the future, and these matters could relate to prior, current or future transactions or events.

 

At December 31, 2017, our indirect subsidiaries were parties to the following contested matters:

 

Utah Wells

 

SCI Welding & Oilfield Service vs. Tiger Energy Operating LLC (Case No. 169000023, 8th District Court, Duchesne County, State of Utah)

 

This case concerns the collection of unpaid debt owed by TEO, relating to the work over of wells in Duchesne County, Utah, in the amount of $53,407. On September 29, 2017, the TEO and SCI Welding reached an agreement to settle the matter for $35,000 and SCI Welding is in receipt of these settlement funds. A Stipulated Motion to Dismiss (signed by all parties) and an Order by the Court Dismissing Case was filed on October 11, 2017. This is a final settlement of this matter with no further judicial action required.

 

Graco Fishing & Rental Tools, Inc. vs. Tiger Energy Operating LLC (Case No. 160800005 8th Judicial District Court, Duchesne County, State of Utah)

 

Plaintiff (Graco) in this case sought collection of unpaid debt incurred by TEO for services rendered. Pursuant to this action a default judgment in the amount of $159,965 was obtained by Plaintiff on June 1, 2016, against TEO, for unpaid accounts in connection with its workover of wells in Duchesne County, Utah. Graco filed a writ of execution against the A Rust 2, Dye-Hall 2-21 A1, Wilkins 1-24 A5 and Rust 3-22A-4 wells located in Duchesne County executing on properties not owned by our subsidiary company. A Motion to Set Aside the sheriff’s sale concerning these properties was filed with the court based on the fact that TEO is not the owner of these properties. A hearing for this matter was held on May 1, 2017, in Duchesne County, Utah, at which time a Company representative was present to comply with the court’s order to produce documents. Prior to the hearing, TEO made an initial settlement offer, which was eventually rejected by Graco. A writ of execution was again issued to seize the property of this subsidiary on March 8, 2018. No return of asset seizure has been filed.

 

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Conquest Well Servicing, LLC vs. Foothills Exploration Operating, Inc. (Case No. 179800421 8th Judicial District Court in and for Uintah County, State of Utah)

 

Plaintiff filed this action on September 11, 2017 for collection of unpaid services and materials incurred by Foothills Exploration Operating, Inc. (“FEOI”), a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, in the amount of $49,689 in connection with a work over of wells in Uintah County, Utah. A Settlement Agreement and Stipulation to Entry of Judgment was agreed to by the parties and filed with the court on October 10, 2017. Judgment in the amount of $54,937 was filed on December 18, 2017. An order requesting company asset inquiry was issued on February 20, 2018.

 

Peak Well Service, LLC v. Tiger Energy Operating, LLC (Case No. 2:16-CV-00957-EJF United States District Court for the District of Utah Court)

 

Peak Well Service, LLC (“Peak”), filed mechanics and materialman’s liens against the Wilkins, Rust 2 Well, Dye Hall 2, Rust 3, and Josie 1 wells operated by TEO for unpaid accounts in connection with work on these wells. A settlement was reached between TEO and Peak pursuant to a confidential settlement agreement. Pursuant to the settlement agreement, lien releases on each of these well liens were filed on February 8, 2017. This settlement is a final resolution of this creditor claim. TEO was represented in these matters by Holland & Hart, Salt Lake City, Utah.

 

BIA Administrative Appeal – Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC

 

  Notice of Appeal,   Dated May 8, 2013  
  Appellant:   Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC  
  Appellee:   Superintendent Uintah and Ouray Agency  
  Decision   April 12, 2013  
  Concerning:   Notice of Expiration of Oil and Gas Leases  

 

This Administrative appeal concerns the ownership and validity of Northern Ute Tribal leases acquired by Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC (TEPI) in a transaction with Mountain Oil and Gas and its affiliated companies. Pursuant to the Global Settlement Agreement (GSA) negotiated between the Tribe and TEPI, the Company proposes to resolve any issues regarding the ownership of the subject leases and other lands thus acquired. The status of the appeal by TEPI remains unchanged, awaiting decision by the Regional Director of the BIA on the merits of the appeal. The decision of the Regional Director is stayed by the parties having entered into the Global Settlement Agreement described in the above memorandum. The Tribe and Tiger remain in discussion regarding urging final approval of the Global Settlement Agreement by the Regional Director.

 

Labokay Well – Parish of Calcasieu, State of Louisiana

 

In February 2017, FPOI drilled a test well on the Labokay prospect to the total measured depth of 8,795 feet, where hydrocarbons shows were present, but not in commercial quantities to warrant completion. Consequently, the Labokay test well was plugged and abandoned in February 2017. Since the well was not commercially viable, the FPOI’s working interest in the underlying mineral lease terminated and we no longer have a right to acquire title to said property. The Labokay-related civil suits described below were filed against FPOI, a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company arising from unpaid accounts in connection with drilling of the Labokay test well.

 

R.W. Delaney Construction Company vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Cause No. 2017-CV-0330 – County Court of Adams County, Mississippi)

 

This case was filed on September 18, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts incurred by FPOI for services performed by plaintiff (R. W. Delaney) in the amount of $72,495 in connection with drilling of the Labokay test well in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. On January 22, 2018, Delaney obtained Judgment against FPOI in the amount of $103,578. The attorneys for Delaney extended an offer of settlement by letter with a payment plan proposed, which the Company is considering.

 

Performance Drilling Company, LLC vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Case No. 2017-3916 DIV G 14th Judicial District Court in Parish of Calcasieu, State of Louisiana)

 

This case was filed on September 25, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts incurred by FPOI for services performed by plaintiff in the amount of $205,251 for unpaid accounts in connection with its drilling of the Labokay test well. On January 16, 2018, a default judgment was entered against FPOI, in the amount of $205,251; together with accrued interest of $29,861 from March 18, 2017, through December 31, 2017; plus additional interest from January 1, 2018, at the rate of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month until paid (a per diem rate of $103.69); plus an additional sum for reasonable attorney’s fees in the amount of $2,500, and all costs of the court.

 

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Monster Rentals, LLC dba Deepwell Equipment Rentals vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Case No. 2017-11013 DIV E – 15th Judicial District Court in Parish of Acadia, State of Louisiana)

 

This case was filed on October 24, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts incurred by FPOI for services performed by plaintiff in the amount of $53,944 in connection with the Labokay test well in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. As of March 30, 2018, no further judicial action has been issued by the court.

 

Canal Petroleum Products, Inc. vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Case No. 2017-6574; DIV. C – 15TH Judicial District Court, Lafayette Parish, Louisiana)

 

This case was filed on November 14, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts incurred by FPOI for services performed by plaintiff in the amount of $35,981 for unpaid accounts in connection with its drilling of the Labokay test well. On January 25, 2018, a default judgment was entered against FPOI in the amount of $35,981.08 in inclusive of interest as of September 6, 2017; plus, finance charges (interest) continuing to accrue after September 6, 2017, of one and one-half percent (1.5%) per month (18% per annum) until paid on the unpaid principal amount of $32,956; plus, legal fees of $8,239 together with related court costs. As of March 30, 2018, no further judicial action has been issued by the court.

 

Smith International, Inc. vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Case No. 2017-004617; DIV. E – 14th Judicial District Court, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana)

 

This case was filed on November 7, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts incurred by FPOI for services performed by plaintiff in the amount of $30,244 in connection with its drilling of the Labokay test well. On March 23, 2018, the court issued a preliminary judgement in favor of plaintiff in the amount of $30,243.78, plus interest in the contractual amount of 18% per annum from the date the payment was originally due until the judgement date, plus legal interest from the judgment date until amounts are paid, plus reasonable attorney’s fees expended in the prosecution and collection of debt.

 

M-I, L.L.C. d/b/a MI-SWACO vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Case No. 2017-004616; DIV. G – 14th Judicial District Court, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana)

 

This case was filed on November 7, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts incurred by FPOI for services performed by plaintiff in the amount of $51,275 in connection with the Labokay test well. On March 23, 2018, the court issued a preliminary judgement in favor of plaintiff in the amount of $51,274.93, plus interest in the contractual amount of 1.5% per month from the date the payment was originally due until the judgement date, plus legal interest from the judgment date until amounts are paid, plus reasonable attorney’s fees expended in the prosecution and collection of debt.

 

Schlumberger Technology Corporation vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Case No. 2017-004618; DIV. E – 14th Judicial District Court, Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana)

 

This case was filed on November 7, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts incurred by FPOI for services performed by plaintiff in the amount of $28,904 for unpaid accounts in connection with its drilling of the Labokay test well in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. On March 23, 2018, the court issued a preliminary judgement in favor of plaintiff in the amount of $28,904.01, plus interest in the contractual amount of 1.5% per month from the date the payment was originally due until the judgement date, plus legal interest from the judgment date until amounts are paid, plus reasonable attorney’s fees expended in the prosecution and collection of debt.

 

We currently are not a party to any other material legal proceedings. However, legal claims are inherently uncertain, and we cannot assure you that we will not be adversely affected in the future by legal proceedings.

 

ITEM 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

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PART II

 

ITEM 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Trading Information

 

Our common stock is quoted on the OTC QB under the symbol “FTXP.” There has been limited reported trading to date in our common stock. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the range of high and low intraday bid price per share of our common stock. Our shares began trading under this symbol on or about August 9, 2016. These quotations reflect inter-dealer prices, without retail mark-up, mark-down or commission and may not necessarily represent actual transactions.

 

Our common stock is thinly traded, and any reported sale prices may not be a true market-based valuation of our common stock.

 

   High   Low 
Fiscal Year 2016          
           
First Quarter   n/a    n/a 
Second Quarter   n/a    n/a 
Third Quarter (from August 9, 2016)  $1.85   $1.54 
Fourth Quarter  $2.04   $1.75 

 

Fiscal Year 2017          
           
First Quarter  $2.21   $1.21 
Second Quarter  $1.27   $0.80 
Third Quarter  $0.90   $0.46 
Fourth Quarter  $0.50   $0.30 

 

On April 12, 2018, the closing sales price reported for our common stock was $0.20 per share and as of that date, we had approximately 58 holders of record of our common stock, and 14,900,627 shares outstanding.

 

Dividend Policy

 

We have not declared or paid any dividends on our common stock. We intend to retain earnings for use in our operations and to finance our business. Any change in our dividend policy is within the discretion of our board of directors and will depend, among other things, on our earnings, debt service and capital requirements, restrictions in financing agreements, if any, business conditions, legal restrictions and other factors that our board of directors deems relevant.

 

Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers

 

None.

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The Company has no formally adopted compensation plans or equity incentive plans approved or submitted for approval by the shareholders.

 

ITEM 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

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ITEM 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements, including the Notes thereto, appearing elsewhere in this Report. The discussions of results, causes and trends should not be construed to imply any conclusion that these results or trends will necessarily occur. This discussion includes forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. As a result of many factors, such as those set forth under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Report, our actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements.

 

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

This Annual Report on Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve assumptions, and describe our future plans, strategies, and expectations. Such statements are generally identifiable by use of the words “may,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” or “project” or the negative of these words of other variations on these words or comparable terminology. These statements are expressed in good faith and based upon a reasonable basis when made, but there can be no assurance that these expectations will be achieved or accomplished.

 

By their very nature, forward-looking statements require us to make assumptions that may not materialize or that may not be accurate. Forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, levels of activity and achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such statements. Such factors include, among others: changes in oil or natural gas prices, the success of our drilling program, the timing of planned capital expenditures, availability of acquisitions, uncertainties in estimating proved reserves and forecasting production results, operational factors affecting the commencement or maintenance of producing wells, the condition of the capital markets generally, as well as our ability to access them, the proximity to and capacity of transportation facilities, uncertainties regarding environmental regulations or litigation and other legal or regulatory developments affecting our business, and the other factors discussed below and elsewhere in this prospectus and in other documents that we file with or furnish to the SEC, all of which are difficult to predict. Forward-looking statements may include statements about:

 

  our business strategy;
     
  our reserves or reserves that we may expect to develop;
     
  our cash flows and liquidity;
     
  our financial strategy, budget, projections and operating results;
     
  oil and natural gas prices that we may realize;
     
  the timing and amount of future production of oil and natural gas;
     
  the availability of drilling and production equipment;
     
  the availability of oil field labor;
     
  the amount, nature and timing of capital expenditures, including future exploration and development costs;
     
  the availability and terms of capital;
     
  our drilling of wells;
     
  government regulation and taxation of the oil and natural gas industry;
     
  our marketing of oil and natural gas;
     
  our exploitation projects or our ability to make property acquisitions on terms that meet our acquisition criteria;
     
  our costs of exploiting and developing our properties and conducting other operations;
     
  general economic conditions;

 

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  competition in the oil and natural gas industry;
     
  the effectiveness of our risk management and possible future hedging activities;
     
  environmental liabilities;
     
  our future operating results;
     
  estimated future reserves and the present value thereof; and
     
  our plans, objectives, expectations and intentions contained in this report that are not historical.

 

Although we believe that the expectations conveyed by the forward-looking statements are reasonable based on information available to us on the date such forward-looking statements were made, no assurances can be given as to future results, levels of activity, achievements or financial condition.

 

You should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement and should recognize that these statements are predictions of future results, which may not occur as anticipated. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements and from historical results, due to the risks and uncertainties described above, as well as others not now anticipated. The impact of any one factor on a particular forward-looking statement is not determinable with certainty as such factors are interdependent upon other factors. The foregoing statements are not exclusive and further information concerning us, including factors that potentially could materially affect our financial results, may emerge from time to time. We do not intend to update forward-looking statements to reflect actual results or changes in factors or assumptions affecting such forward-looking statements, except as required by law, including the securities laws of the United States and the rules and regulations of the SEC.

 

Unless otherwise noted, the terms the “Company”, “Foothills Exploration”, “Foothills”, “we”, or “our” refer to the ongoing business operations of Foothills Exploration, Inc. and our wholly-owned subsidiary, Foothills Petroleum, Inc., as well as, the past operations of Foothills Petroleum, Inc. The terms “Key Link Assets Corp.” or “Key Link” refer to the operations of Key Link Assets Corp. prior to May 27, 2016.

 

History

 

Foothills Exploration, Inc. was incorporated in the State of Delaware on May 13, 2010, under the name “Key Link Assets Corp.” for the purpose of acquiring a portfolio of heavily discounted real estate properties in the Chicago metropolitan area. The Company changed its focus and planned to acquire small and medium sized grocery stores in non-urban locales that are not directly served by large national supermarket chains.

 

On May 2, 2016, Foothills Petroleum Inc., a Nevada corporation (“FPI”) acquired approximately 14.1 million pre-split (56.4 million post-split) shares of the Company’s common stock constituting approximately 96% of our then issued and outstanding shares (“FPI Acquired Shares”). As of May 16, 2016, we effected a 4:1 forward split of our shares of common stock.

 

On May 27, 2016, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement with shareholders of FPI whereby we acquired all of the outstanding shares of FPI in exchange for 4,500,000 shares of our common stock and also issued 1,503,759 shares of our common stock on automatic conversion of debt (please see discussion below under Overview) for an aggregate of 6,003,759 shares of our common stock (the “Share Exchange”). As a result of the Share Exchange, FPI became our wholly owned subsidiary and the FPI Acquired Shares were returned to treasury and deemed cancelled. For accounting purposes, this transaction is being accounted for as a reverse acquisition and has been treated as a recapitalization of the Company with FPI considered the accounting acquirer, and the financial statements of the accounting acquirer became the financial statements of the registrant. The completion of the Share Exchange resulted in a change of control. The FPI Shareholders obtained approximately 96% of voting control on the date of Share Exchange. FPI was the acquirer for financial reporting purposes and the Company was the acquired company. The consolidated financial statements after the acquisition include the balance sheets of both companies at historical cost, the historical results of FPI and the results of the Company from the acquisition date. All share and per share information in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and footnotes have been retroactively restated to reflect the recapitalization.

 

Prior to the Share Exchange, we had minimal assets and recognized no revenues from operations, and were accordingly classified as a shell company. On June 24, 2016, we filed an amendment to our Current Report on Form 8-K originally filed on June 10, 2016, indicating that we were no longer a shell company as defined by Rule12b-2 of the Exchange Act. In light of closing of the Share Exchange transaction with FPI, the Company became actively engaged in oil and gas operations through its wholly owned subsidiary.

 

On June 30, 2016, we completed a sale of 3,007,519 shares of our common stock to a single investor for proceeds totaling $2,000,000. For a more complete description of this transaction please see our Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 7, 2016.

 

On August 4, 2016, we were advised that the Financial Industry Regulatory Association had approved (i) our name change from Key Link Assets Corp. to Foothills Exploration, Inc., and (ii) a change of trading symbol from KYLK to FTXP. Please see our Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 9, 2016.

 

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On October 5, 2016, the Company launched its Exploration Division and opened a new office in Houston to support the division’s staff. The Company’s Exploration Division consists of geologists and petroleum engineers engaged in the exploration and development of hydrocarbons and tasked with building a portfolio of high impact exploration projects in the Gulf Coast region.

 

On December 12, 2016, the Company entered into a participation agreement with Magna Operating, LLC, a privately held Houston-based independent exploration and production company (“Magna Operating”), in relation to the Labokay prospect, covering approximately 240 acres in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. As consideration for an assignment of interest in and to the leases and the prospect, Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc., a Nevada corporation and indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“FPOI”), tendered to Magna Operating the purchase price in the amount of $144,000. This amount covered FPOI’s share of the land, lease, and administrative costs that Magna Operating incurred in generating and assembling the Labokay prospect as of November 15, 2016. As further consideration for an assignment of working interest in and to the leases, FPOI agreed to participate in the cost, risk, and expense of drilling the Labokay test well. The well was plugged and abandoned in February 2017. The Company has no immediate plans to engage in further exploration and development activities in the U.S. Gulf Coast region.

 

On December 30, 2016, the Company acquired various oil and gas assets in Utah from Total Belief Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of New Times Energy Corporation Limited. These assets included certain oil and gas wells throughout the Uinta Basin in Utah on acreage with over 30 proven undeveloped drilling locations, additional non-operating interest in other leases, and access to approximately 6,000 acres in the Uinta Basin with proven and probable reserves and existing infrastructure in place. Through the acquisition, Foothills also obtained six shut-in wells in the Natural Buttes Field, Utah. The transaction provides Foothills with the rights to an agreement to acquire up to 6,000+ acres and up to 16 shut-in oil and gas wells with proved and proved undeveloped reserves on Tribal lands in the Uinta Basin. This acquisition delivers to the Company an additional 40% working interest in the Ladysmith Prospect covering 3,060 acres in the Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming, bringing the Company’s total working interest in the prospect from 35% (pre-acquisition) up to 75%.

 

By this agreement, the Company acquired 13,166,667 shares, constituting 55.63% of the outstanding shares of Grey Hawk Exploration, Inc. (“Grey Hawk”), a British Columbia, Canada company. Grey Hawk owns a non-operated working interest in two non-producing wells in the southern portion of the Natural Buttes Field.

 

On December 30, 2016, the Company also acquired the remaining 25% membership interest in Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC (“TEPI”) from Green Stone Capital Partners Limited, a Cayman Islands limited liability company, in exchange for assumption of Greenstone’s proportionate share of TEPI obligations and liabilities.

 

On May 10, 2017, the Company entered into a purchase and sale agreement (PSA), with an undisclosed seller, to acquire 67,330 gross acres (49,600 net acres) held by production in Utah and Colorado. This acquisition was anticipated to close by or before June 30, 2017, such closing being subject to traditional representations, warranties, covenants and adjustments including, but not limited to lien releases, cures of any defective title matters, satisfaction of leases and amendments thereto. In August 2017, the parties by mutual agreement terminated the PSA.

 

On October 19, 2017, the Company announced the acquisition of 21% working interest in two horizontal gas wells in the Uinta Basin from an undisclosed party. Both wells are operated by EOG Resources, Inc. (NYSE: EOG). We expect total cost for our 21% working interest in both wells will be $3.2 million. These wells align with the Company’s overall growth strategy for the Basin and provides us with the ability to gain insight from a world-class operator. In February 2018, the Company announced the successful drilling, completion and flow testing of the Stagecoach 111-20H and Stagecoach 117-20H horizontal wells, both of which are now producing natural gas in commercial quantities. Both wells have been online since late December 2017 and production tubing is expected to be set in the near term. These two successful horizontal wells will generate production and net cash flow for the Company and are expected to payout within 30 months. As of December 31, 2017, the Company incurred $1,501,377 cost for our shares of interest.

 

Overview

 

Foothills Exploration is an independent oil and gas exploration company engaged in the acquisition and development of oil and natural gas properties, mainly through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Foothills Petroleum, Inc. (“FPI”). FPI is focused on acquiring producing and developmental properties in the Rockies. FPI seeks to acquire non-core, dislocated and underdeveloped oil and gas assets and maximize those assets to create shareholder value (the “Business”).

 

On December 31, 2015, FPI acquired the rights to 38,120 acres of oil and gas property in the state of Wyoming, through Foothills Exploration, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary acquired by FPI upon its organization in December 2015.

 

The Company’s principal obligations include:

 

  A debenture in the amount of $1,250,000, plus interest accruing at a rate of 9% per annum issued to Berwin Trading Limited (“Berwin”) with principal and interest due upon maturity on May 6, 2017. On May 5, 2017, the Company and Berwin agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 20, 2017, in return for an annual interest rate increase from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On November 3, 2017, Berwin agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Berwin also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company agreed to issue Berwin 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Berwin and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Berwin with 250,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $125,000 shall become due and payable to Berwin by the Company.
     
  A second debenture in the amount of $1,000,000, plus interest accruing at a rate of 9% issued to Full Wealth Investment Hong Kong Limited (“Full Wealth”) with principal and interest due upon maturity on or before May 5, 2017. On May 18, 2017, Full Wealth sold this note to Gold Class Limited, with accrued interest increased from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On June 1, 2017, Full Wealth acquired this note back from Gold Class and the Company issued a new debenture with a 60-day term and 10% interest per annum to Full Wealth. On August 14, 2017, we repaid $1,000,000 in principal and $20,000 in accrued interest and recorded remaining accrued interest in amount of $30,000 as gain on debt forgiveness.
     
  A promissory note in the amount of $6,000,000 to Total Belief Limited (“TBL”), a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of New Times Energy Corporation Limited, issued in connection with the assets acquired on December 30, 2016, with a maturity date of June 30, 2018. This promissory note recites that it accrues no interest during its term and is due and payable in full on or before its maturity date. Foothills recorded $342,804 imputed interest as debt discount. This amount of $342,804 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 1.5 years. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we amortized $228,536 debt discount into interest expense. The Company has reduced the value of its oil and gas properties in the proportion of the debt discount allocated to the Note.
     
 

A convertible promissory note in amount of $50,000 was issued to an unrelated party on May 10, 2017, bearing an annual percentage rate of 10% with a term of 12 months, which is due on May 10, 2018. This note may, at the option of the lender, be converted at any time prior to September 7, 2017, into fully-paid, restricted and non-assessable shares of common stock of the Company at a price equal to 100% of the selling price of such common stock in a private placement to institutional and/or accredited investors initiated by the Company during the term of this note. On October 19, 2017, the Company agreed to extend the allowable conversion period provided under this convertible note until May 10, 2018. On November 7, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.00 per share expiring on May 7, 2019. If the Company fails to pay the principal and accrued unpaid interest due and payable to Lender on or before the due date of the convertible note, then the Lender shall be provided the right to convert at either $0.665 per share or upon the same terms offered in FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC Note’s conversion options. The relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $3,381 on November 7, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 77%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 years. At December 31, 2017, $50,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note. The issuance of the warrants in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”).

     
  A promissory note to Profit Well Limited, a Hong Kong limited liability company, issued on August 9, 2017, in the amount of $1,050,000. The promissory note bears an annual interest rate of 13.5% and was initially payable on September 8, 2017. The Company received the funds under the foregoing note on August 10, 2017. The funds received pursuant to the Note principally have been used to repay the Full Wealth debenture, dated June 1, 2017. On November 3, 2017, Profit Well Limited agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Profit Well Limited also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company agreed to issue Profit Well Limited 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Profit Well and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Profit Well with 200,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $100,000 shall become due and payable to Profit Well by the Company.
     
  A promissory note and three tranches of warrants issued on September 29, 2017, to an unaffiliated investor for an aggregate consideration of $250,000. This promissory note recites that it accrues no interest if paid when due and is due and payable on January 2, 2018. The obligations under the promissory note were personally guaranteed by Kevin J. Sylla, Executive Chairman of the Company. If principal is not paid on or before January 2, 2018, interest will accrue at the rate of 15% per year until paid. On November 6, 2017, the Company agreed to compensate the investor 75,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. On December 30, 2017, the Company and the investor agreed to extend the maturity date of this Note to January 23, 2018, in return for a payment at maturity of the principal, accrued interest as provided in the Note, plus 30,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock. Because the fair value of the shares was greater than 10% of the present value of the remaining cash flows under the Note, the issuance of the shares in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. was treated as a debt extinguishment and reissuance of a new debt instrument pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). Since January 23, 2018, the Company and the investor have been in ongoing discussions to extend the term of this Note. On March 28, 2018, the investor acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Note and reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend the Note’s due date or repay its obligation on terms that are mutually satisfactory.

 

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The warrants have the following terms:

 

  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share expiring on September 29, 2019,
     
  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.25 per share expiring on September 29, 2020,
     
  185,000 warrants to purchase 185,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $2.00 per share expiring on September 29, 2020.

 

The aggregate relative fair value of three tranches of warrants was determined to be $105,000 on September 29, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 2-3 years. $2,536 imputed interest was recorded as debt discount. $2,536 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 0.26 year. The aggregate value of the warrants and imputed interest of $107,536 was considered as debt discount upon issuance and will be amortized as interest over the term of the Note or in full upon the conversion of the Note. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company amortized $105,272 of such discount to interest expense, and the unamortized discount as of December 31, 2017 was $2,264. At December 31, 2017, $250,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note.

 

Each tranche of warrants is subject to down round adjustment provisions if the Company during the term of that tranche issues additional securities for consideration per share, after giving effect to fees, commission and expenses, that is less, or which on conversion or exercise of the underlying security is less, than $0.665 per share (as adjusted for any change resulting from forward or reverse splits, stock dividends and similar events).

 

To satisfy most favored nation provisions in previously entered securities purchase agreements that are triggered by the transaction described above, Company issued 136,015 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 136,015 shares of common stock, in the aggregate, to certain investors who purchased units from the Company, at a $1.00 per unit, with each unit consisting of one share and one warrant. See the Company’s Current Report on the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 5, 2017. Of this amount, 100,752 shares and warrants to purchase 100,752 shares of common stock will be issued to Wilshire Energy Partners LLC, an entity controlled by Kevin J. Sylla. The exercise price of these investor warrants was adjusted to $0.665 per share. We measured the value of the effect of the down round feature as the difference between the fair value of the financial instrument at an original exercise price of $1.50 and an adjusted exercise price of $0.665 and, as a result, $59,801 was recorded as down round feature as interest expense under ASC 260-10-30-1. Foothills determined the amount of $59,801 using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 3 years.

 

  A convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $267,500, with net proceeds of $250,000 before giving effect to certain transactional costs including legal fees, was issued to FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC, on November 17, 2017. As part of this transaction the Company also issued:

 

  warrants having an 18-month term, to purchase 267,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share; and
  60,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock.

 

   

The convertible note accrues interest of 8% per annum and is due and payable on August 17, 2018. The warrants are subject to adjustment in certain events such as forward or reverse stock splits or if subsequent financings are at terms that are more favorable to persons in subsequent issuances of securities. The convertible note agreements give the lender the right to convert the loan amounts due into common stock at a conversion price of $0.665 per share, subject to adjustment under certain events, and the Company has the option but not the obligation to repay the outstanding principal of the convertible note, in whole or in part, within six months from the closing date, by paying 115% of the principal amount then owing, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to avoid conversion under the convertible agreements. The convertible note may not be prepaid from 180 days after closing until maturity and is secured by a personal guaranty from the Company’s Executive Chairman, Kevin Sylla. The net proceeds of the convertible note will be used for general corporate and working capital purposes. No broker-dealer or placement agent was retained or involved in this transaction. See 8-K report filed with the SEC on November 17, 2017 for more information.

     
  A promissory note was issued on November 1, 2017, to the Law Offices of Aaron A. Grunfeld or its successors or assigns (the “Holder”), the Company’s outside general counsel, for a principal amount of $120,628.95 in exchange of legal services rendered, bearing an interest rate of 12% per annum and with a maturity date of June 30, 2018.

 

From its inception in December 2015 through December 31, 2017, Foothills generated $101,998 in revenue from its principal business operations and is currently still an exploration stage company. Prior to January 2016, Foothills’ operations were focused mainly on administrative activities connected to the identification and evaluation of potential oil and gas prospects and other potential leasehold acquisitions in our geographical areas of interest.

 

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On December 30, 2016, the Company acquired various oil and gas assets in Utah from a subsidiary of New Times Energy Corporation Limited (“New Times”). These assets included certain oil and gas wells throughout the Uinta Basin in Utah, on acreage with over 30 proven undeveloped drilling locations, additional non-operating interest in other leases, and access to approximately 6,000 acres in the Uinta Basin with proven and probable reserves and existing infrastructure in place. This purchase provides the Company with an entry point into the Uinta Basin and a basis from which to seek other bolt-on acquisition opportunities in the Rockies. The transaction delivers to the Company a licensed and bonded operator in Utah having bonds in place with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), State of Utah and Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

 

Through this acquisition from New Times, the Company also obtained six shut-in wells in the Natural Buttes Field, Utah. After the acquisition, these wells were worked over and brought back online with production averaging around 183 barrels per month in Q2 2017. The Company plans to work over the remaining three wells in the coming months.

 

The transaction provided the Company with the rights to an agreement to acquire up to 6,000+ acres and up to 16 shut-in oil and gas wells with proved and proved undeveloped reserves on Ute Tribal lands in the Uinta Basin. These properties provide in-field drilling potential, the ability to bring online shut-in wells and behind pipe development. Five shut-in wells located on fee lands in the Altamont-Bluebell Field that are undergoing title curative have the potential to achieve near term production with stimulation and the addition of surface equipment.

 

Furthermore, this acquisition delivered to the Company an additional 40% working interest in the Ladysmith Prospect, covering 3,060 acres in the Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming, increasing the Company’s pre-acquisition working interest of 35% up to a total of 75%.

 

Lastly, through this acquisition, the Company also acquired 13,166,667 shares of common stock, constituting 55.63% of the outstanding shares of Grey Hawk Exploration, Inc. (“Grey Hawk”), a British Columbia, Canada company. Grey Hawk owns a non-operated working interest in two wells in the southern portion of the Greater Natural Buttes Field in Utah. These two wells are not currently producing.

 

To acquire these assets, the Company paid a total consideration of $10.75 million in a combination of cash, stock and promissory note consisting of:

 

  $750,000 cash;
     
  2,083,334 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock valued by the parties at $4,000,000 at an agreed upon price per share of $1.92; and a
     
  Promissory note in the principal amount of $6,000,000 due and payable in full 18 months from December 30, 2016 and accruing no interest during its term.

 

For financial accounting purposes the 2,083,334 shares were valued at the closing market price on the day of the transaction, which was $1.83, accordingly the shares were presented at a value of $3,812,501 on the Company’s financial statements on December 30, 2016.

 

Our financial statements reflect that our current liabilities exceed our current assets and it is possible that the historical value of the assets that we record on our books may not be attained on a sale or other disposition for cash. We require substantial additional operating capital to maintain current operations and to implement even a portion of our identified acquisitions and workovers. Additional capital, if available at all, will likely be on onerous terms that are also dilutive to our shareholders. No assurance can be given that we will obtain any additional capital. As a consequence, an investment in our shares or other securities is extremely speculative and may result in a complete loss of your investment.

 

Market Environment

 

The U.S. energy markets continued to see improved fundamentals for both crude oil and natural gas markets during 3Q17, as prices remained in a tight range for both products and volatility at the low end of the range relative to historic averages. Looking ahead at the remainder of the year and into 2018, we believe the U.S. energy markets are poised for a major price move for both crude oil and natural gas prices as well as a significant uptick in price volatility. Our bias remains moderately bullish for both WTI and natural gas prices going forward and we are looking for a breakout above the current trading ranges that has dominated year-to-date.

 

Oil - As disclosed in our previous Form 10-Q Quarterly Report for period ended June 30, 2017, OPEC and Non-OPEC producing nations’ production cuts announced earlier in the year have reportedly begun to reduce global oil supplies. We are now seeing that in the global pricing structure as Brent crude oil price is now trading at roughly a $6 premium to the WTI crude oil price. We believe that the catalyst for the widening spread is twofold: 1) U.S. shale production continued to grow reportedly reaching 9.2 million barrels per day, its highest level since November 2015 and 2) global oil supplies reportedly are falling, highlighted by a 14.2 million barrel drop in August 2017. We believe that when Brent trades at a $4 premium or greater to WTI, U.S. oil becomes a more attractive export, resulting in greater U.S. oil exports in 2017. We expect that this trend likely may continue in 2018. In short, robust U.S. oil exports coupled with strong U.S. demand for refined products, should accelerate in our view the decline rate for U.S. oil supplies and be supportive of oil prices moving forward.

 

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Global demand for crude oil continues to grow at a steady pace. The International Energy Agency (IEA) in its most recent monthly oil market report for October 2017 forecasted global demand for crude oil growing by 1.6 million barrels per day (bpd) in 2017 and by 1.4 million bpd in 2018. The IEA also estimates that global oil demand will reach 100.0 million barrels per day in Q4 2018, which would set a record that in our view will become a key psychological level for the oil markets. In the U.S., the IEA forecasts gasoline demand will average 9.3 million barrels per day in 2017, and 9.4 million barrels per day in 2018, an annual increase of 1%. Reported global demand for oil and refined products are at or near record levels, which is alleviating the supply overhang and in our view supporting a bullish outlook heading into the end of the year and into 2018.

 

Natural Gas - After being in a bear market for nearly a decade, we believe that commodity fundamentals have significantly improved over the course of 2017 to date. With LNG exports and exports to Mexico reportedly at record levels, the U.S. appears slated to become a net exporter of natural gas for the first time since 1957. We expect U.S. dry gas production to be roughly 71 BCF per day in 2017, while demand and export growth should average about 76 BCF per day. Given this, the natural gas storage glut has been significantly reduced with current storage levels now at the trailing 5-year average as we head into the heating/withdrawal season. A stronger-than-expected heating season driven by colder than average temperatures in key heating regions could send natural gas prices above $4.00 MMBtu.

 

Our Strategy

 

Foothills’ strategic objective is to build a portfolio of producing properties that have relatively low operating costs, long lived reserves and upside development potential. The Company’s goal is to build a land bank of over 200,000 acres of proven, probable and prospective reserves during this period of relatively low commodity pricing. Foothills intends to accomplish this by acquiring oil and gas properties with attractive valuation metrics and attractive geological risk/reward profiles that are well positioned to benefit from an improvement in commodity prices. No assurance can be given that we will be able to achieve this objective.

 

The Company’s primary focus is the Rocky Mountain region, where its consultants and technical staff have conducted oil and gas operations and collectively have in our view developed significantly material operating experience. Management believes that the Company’s tight geographical focus and regional experience, coupled with our strategic industry relationships may advantageously position Foothills to acquire high quality oil and gas assets at attractive valuations in the current environment.

 

The Company’s acquisitions and roll up strategy is based on identifying undercapitalized, yet attractive oil and gas assets selling at what we anticipate to be a discount to intrinsic value. Foothills focuses on acquiring oil and gas assets that have existing production, with existing infrastructure in place and future developmental potential. Once we acquire oil and gas assets, management expects to target adjacent oil and gas properties with similar characteristics for bolt on acquisitions to increase our geographical acreage position. By consolidating and exploiting additional acreage as part of its rollup strategy, management intends to achieve operating efficiencies to maximize shareholder value.

 

Wyoming Properties

 

The principal Wyoming assets owned by the Company currently consist of non-producing, yet prospective mineral leases in the Ladysmith project.

 

Ladysmith Project

 

Foothills owns a 75% working interest in the Ladysmith Anticline prospect that is located in Fremont County, Wyoming. Total acreage position is 3,061 acres located between the Great Divide/Greater Green River Basin and the Wind River Basin. The primary target zones are the variable Phosphoria and Tensleep sandstone with secondary considerations in the Madison limestone and Flathead sandstone. The prospect generation was based on licensed 2-D seismic comprising of two seismic lines covering the Chevron/Echo – Greater Green River Basin. Foothills’ has conducted two BLM onsite inspections to date and work continues on a surface access use agreement, completion of drilling unit outline and a schedule for BLM area and depth meeting in the near term. Spring conditions will soon enable Foothills to gain access to prospect area and commence Right of Way (ROW) application, surveying and archeology study. Additional BLM acreage acquisition and federal unit formation are continued processes, with detailed development plans for surface use being formulated.

 

Springs Project

 

During Q4 2017, the Company allowed the BLM leases for the Springs project to expire without paying additional delay rental payments. The primary terms on these leases were due to expire in Q4 2018 and management did not feel it was in the best interest of the Company stakeholders to continue its exploratory efforts on a speculative, wildcat play. As such, Management made a business decision to reduce the Company’s portfolio of exploration plays and instead continue seeking lower-risk acquisitions of producing oil and gas properties rather than take additional wildcat drilling risk on this prospect. As such, the Company no longer owns the mineral rights for this project. As the result, the Company recognized impairment of oil and gas property in amount of $150,593, during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

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Paw Paw Project

 

The Paw Paw project is a 3-D seismic defined prospect, which covers 4,467 acres and is a direct analog to the highly productive Tensleep Formation “Enigma” Field (EUR 3.7 million barrels of oil) located only two miles to the south. The Tensleep Formation has a history of prolific area production with two nearby analogues. The Paw Paw project has potential from primary and secondary recovery of up to 2 million barrels of oil. On December 11, 2016, the Company completed drilling operations on the Paw Paw Federal #1 test well. The Big Horn County Wyoming test well reached total depth in the Madison Formation and the Company successfully logged and acquired valid data to further evaluate the project’s potential. The Company’s technical team and consulting geological firm, Geopinion® Inc., is continuing to evaluate test well results and further interpret and analyze 3D seismic data in order to identify favorable potential future locations for possible commercial wells. The test well has been temporarily abandoned while the parties continue to analyze results during the evaluation stage.

 

The Paw Paw Federal #1 test well reached total depth in the Madison Formation after drilling an anticipated stratigraphic section and thrust fault. Oil shows were found in the Muddy, Phosphoria, and Madison formations. The Phosphoria is a regionally productive formation and could end up being the secondary zone in sidetrack operations should that type of operation be deemed commercially economic. Upon evaluation of the test well’s seismic structural position and analysis of modern well log data, the technical team has determined that a successful sidetrack operation is likely to yield commercial oil reserves from the Tensleep and any other sands with oil shows and concurred that the test well, which is temporarily abandoned, should be considered for re-entry. The Company intends to sidetrack this well with the objective of eventually completing this well to produce commercial quantities of hydrocarbons from the target formation. We encountered a fault while drilling the well, which required additional geological and engineering work. The Company has since mapped out the issue and intends to continue drilling operations. The Company has deferred recommencing drilling operations because certain lease title issues were encountered during the period of geological discovery, which the Company is currently working to mend. The Company intends to recommence continuous operations with the objective of sidetracking this well to produce commercial quantities of hydrocarbons from the target formation during Q3 2018, once certain wildlife stipulations affecting oil and gas operations on the BLM lands surrounding this well come to an end. No assurance can be given that these precise efforts by our experienced technical team and our further development efforts of the prospect, including further drilling activity, will yield a commercially successful well.

 

Ironwood Project

 

The Company had intended to drill a test well on the Ironwood prospect during the first half of 2017 but was unable to do so within the agreement term and as such, the Company failed to earn into this prospect to hold the acreage from current production and no longer has any rights to this project. During the second half of 2017 Management decided to focus its full attention on acquiring and developing properties with existing reserves and infield development opportunities rather than take additional wildcat drilling risk on any prospect.

 

Utah Properties

 

Tiger Energy Operating, LLC

 

Tiger Energy Operating, LLC, (“TEO”) is a licensed and bonded oil and gas operator in the state of Utah. TEO is the operator of record for a total of six oil and gas wells situated on 280 acres in the Duck Creek area of the Altamont Bluebell field. In late 2015 and early 2016 these wells were shut-in due to financial issues with the previous owner. During the calendar year 2017, the Company sold a total of approximately 2,137 barrels of oil, which were produced from three of its Duck Creek wells. The Company has developed a Duck Creek optimization program and needs to raise approximately $900,000 to complete workover operations on these wells, which are expected to increase total production to approximately 210 barrels of oil per day. Management anticipates obtaining the necessary capital enabling the Company to implement this workover program during the current fiscal year. TEO has cash and surety bonds in place with the Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Indian Affairs and Utah Department of Natural Resources Division of Oil, Gas and Mining that are valued at about $295,000.

 

Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC

 

Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC, (“TEPI”) owns all rights and interests pertaining to the Global Settlement Agreement (“GSA”) for the Uintah and Ouray Reservation between Mountain Oil & Gas, Inc. and the MOG Entities (Craig Phillips) and the Ute Indian Tribe (the “Tribe”) of the Uintah and Ouray Reservation, dated December 22, 2014. TEPI also owns all rights and interests acquired in the Purchase and Sale Agreements between TEPI and Mountain Oil & Gas, Inc. dated April 16, 2012, and December 18, 2012. TEPI expects to move forward with this transaction in 2018 via a revised Global Settlement Agreement with the parties to said agreement. The Company is bound by confidentiality provisions in the GSA and as such is prohibited from disclosing any additional details.

 

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Tiger Energy Mineral Leasing, LLC

 

Tiger Energy Mineral Leasing, LLC (“TEML”) owns certain non-operating working interests, which were previously operated by Rig II, LLC. In 2017, Rig II, LLC, sold its operating rights in said leases to Crescent Point Energy Corp. (NYSE: CPG), who is the current operator of record for these leases. The Company realized approximately $4,532 in total net revenues during 2017 from this non-operated working interest. In addition, TEML also owns a 40% working interest, in the Ladysmith prospect, which increases the Company’s total working interest in this prospect to 75%. TEML also owns all rights and interests pertaining to the Rio Capital Acquisition dated September 25, 2014, pertaining to oil and gas leases in the Altamont-Bluebell field located in Duchesne and Uintah Counties, Utah.

 

Gulf Coast Properties

 

On December 15, 2016, the Company announced a Participation Agreement with Magna Operating, LLC, in relation to the Labokay prospect, covering 240 acres in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana.

 

Labokay Prospect

 

Labokay is an “amplitude versus offset” (“AVO”) oil play in Southwestern Louisiana targeting the Frio Nododaria Blanpiedi Sand. On February 14, 2017, the Company announced that it had reached total depth in its Labokay Prospect well located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. The well was drilled to a total measured depth of 8,795 feet where hydrocarbon shows were present, but not in commercial quantities to warrant completion. The well has been plugged and abandoned as required. The Company estimates well costs incurred or to be incurred for the Labokay at approximately $1.3 million, including plugging and abandonment liability.

 

The Company has no immediate plans to engage in further exploration and development activities in the U.S. Gulf Coast region.

 

Plan of Operations

 

Current energy prices have exposed attractive U.S. based assets that are poorly capitalized and neglected, which are now selling at discounted prices, providing multiple entry points to acquire attractive oil and gas assets. Foothills intends to acquire dislocated and non-core oil and gas assets from larger exploration and production companies.

 

Foothills is focused on acquiring and rolling up smaller operators in a considerably fragmented oil and gas market and through consolidation, management believes Foothills can effectively scale its production and acreage position and collectively unlock value in the acquired oil and gas assets to create shareholder value. No assurance can be given that the Company will acquire adequate cash or other resources to be able to attain any of these objectives.

 

Acquiring additional assets and companies in the Rockies

 

The Company is targeting acquisitions in a tightly defined geographical area of interest, which meet certain metrics and future development potential. The Company anticipates that these acquisitions will be funded through the sale of common stock, debt and cash generated from the Company’s financing activities, including public, private and possible institutional offerings in capital market transactions and future reserve based lending activities. Subject to the securing of additional capital, the Company anticipates making additional bolt-on acquisitions of producing properties, which can potentially be leveraged and optimized by applying its technical capabilities and improving operational efficiencies. Although the Company is currently evaluating several prospective acquisitions, which meet its criteria, no assurance can be given that it will be successful in any of these endeavors.

 

Retain Operational Control and Significant Working Interest

 

In its principal acquisition and development targets, the Company aims to preserve operational control of its development and drilling activities. As the operator for its projects, the Company retains more control over the timing, selection and process of drilling prospects and completion design, which enhances its ability to maximize the return on invested capital and gives greater control over the timing, allocation and amounts of capital expenditures.

 

Leasing of Prospective Acreage

 

In the course of our day-to-day business, the Company regularly identifies drilling and development opportunities on additional acreage in its areas of interest that have not yet been leased. Subject to securing additional capital, the Company may take the initiative to lease prospective acreage in our areas of interest and may sell all or any portion of our leased acreage to other companies seeking to participate in the drilling and development of the prospect acreage.

 

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Government Regulations

 

Governmental Regulation and Environmental Consideration

 

The oil and gas business in the United States is subject to regulation by both federal and state authorities, particularly with respect to pricing, allowable rates of production, marketing and environmental matters. The production of crude oil and gas has, in recent years, been the subject of increasing state and federal controls. No assurance can be given that newly imposed or changed federal laws will not adversely affect the economic viability of any oil and gas properties we currently own and/or may acquire in the future. Federal income and “windfall profit” taxes have in the past affected the economic viability of such properties. The following discussion provides a brief overview of potential state and federal regulations. Because Foothills to date has acquired specific properties, and because of the wider range of activities in which the Company expects to participate, management believes that it is not practical currently to set forth in detail the potential impact federal and state regulations may have on our operations.

 

The Department of Energy

 

The Department of Energy Organization Act (Pub. L. No. 95-91) became effective October 1, 1977. Under this Act various agencies, including the Federal Energy Administration (FEA) and the Federal Power Commission (FPC), have been consolidated to constitute the cabinet-level Department of Energy (DOE). The Economic Regulatory Administration (ERA), a semi-independent administration within the DOE, now administers most of the regulatory programs formerly managed by the FEA, including oil pricing and allocation. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), an independent agency within the DOE, has assumed the FPC’s responsibility for natural gas regulation.

 

Crude Oil and Natural Gas Liquids Price and Allocation Regulation

 

Pursuant to Executive Order Number 12287, issued January 28, 1981, President Reagan lifted all existing federal price and allocation controls over the sale and distribution of crude oil and natural gas liquids. Executive Order Number 12287 was made effective as of January 28, 1981, and consequently, sales of crude oil and natural gas liquids after January 27, 1981 are free from federal regulation. The price for such sales and the supplier-purchaser relationship will be determined by private contract and prevailing market conditions. Because of this action, oil that may be sold by us will be sold at deregulated or free market prices. At various times, certain groups have advocated the reestablishment of regulations and control on the sale of domestic oil and gas.

 

State Regulations

 

Foothills’ production of oil and gas, if any, will be subject to regulation by state regulatory authorities in the states in which we may produce oil and gas. In general, these regulatory authorities are empowered to make and enforce regulations to prevent waste of oil and gas and to protect correlative rights and opportunities to produce oil and gas as between owners of a common reservoir. Some regulatory authorities may also regulate the amount of oil and gas produced by assigning allowable rates of production.

 

Environmental Laws

 

Oil and gas exploration and development are specifically subject to existing federal and state laws and regulations governing environmental quality and pollution control. Such laws and regulations may substantially increase the costs of exploring for, developing, or producing oil and gas and may prevent or delay the commencement or continuation of a given operation.

 

All of our operations involving the exploration for or the production of any minerals are subject to existing laws and regulations relating to exploration procedures, safety precautions, employee health and safety, air quality standards, pollution of streams and fresh water sources, odor, noise, dust, and other environmental protection controls adopted by federal, state and local governmental authorities as well as the right of adjoining property owners. We may be required to prepare and present to federal, state or local authorities data pertaining to the effect or impact that any proposed exploration for or production of minerals may have upon the environment. All requirements imposed by any such authorities may be costly, time consuming, and may delay commencement or continuation of exploration or production operations.

 

It may be anticipated that future legislation will significantly emphasize the protection of the environment, and that, as a consequence, our activities may be more closely regulated to further the cause of environmental protection. Such legislation, as well as future interpretation of existing laws, may require substantial increases in equipment and operating costs to us and delays, interruptions, or a termination of operations, the extent to which cannot now be predicted.

 

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Title to Properties

 

Foothills owns the interest in its properties and also at times relies on contracts with the owner or operator of the property, pursuant to which, among other things, the Company has the right to have its interest placed of record. As is customary in the oil and gas industry, we anticipate that a preliminary title examination will be conducted at the time unproved properties or interests are acquired by us. Prior to commencement of drilling operations on such acreage and prior to the acquisition of proved properties, Foothills will conduct a title examination and attempt to cure materially significant defects before proceeding with operations or the acquisition of proved properties, as it may deem appropriate. Foothills properties are subject to royalty, overriding royalty and other interests customary in the industry, liens incident to agreements, current taxes and other burdens, minor encumbrances, easements and restrictions. Foothills’ Utah properties acquired from Total Belief Limited on December 30, 2016, are subject to a certain Bureau of Indian Affairs (“BIA”) Administrative Appeal and a Ute Indian Tribe Global Settlement Agreement, each of which does or may affect title to some, all or none of the properties acquired. Foothills is currently attempting to cure title on these properties, subject to the outcome of the BIA Administrative Appeal, which is still ongoing as of November 14, 2017. To the extent that such defects or disputes exist and cannot be cured, Foothills would suffer title failures, which could result in property valuation impairments and other material adverse consequences to the operations of the Company.

 

Corporate Headquarters

 

We are headquartered in Denver, Colorado, where we have 4,295 square feet of corporate office space. Effective May 1, 2017, we signed a 39-month lease for our Denver corporate office. Total rent is approximately $10,051 per month and the Company deems it to be adequate for our current operations.

 

Results of Operations

 

Year ended December 31, 2017 compared to year ended December 31, 2016

 

Revenue

 

We had revenue of $101,998 for the year ended December 31, 2017, and no revenues for the year ended December 31, 2016. We can provide no assurance that we will continue drilling and revenue producing operations or that such drilling and revenue operations, if continued, will be successful.

 

Operating Expenses

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries and related expenses for our management and personnel, and professional fees, such as accounting, consulting and legal. During the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, we incurred $3,898,553 and $1,913,265 in selling, general and administrative expenses, $73,979 and $0 in depreciation, depletion and amortization and $1,479,230 and $0 in impairment of oil and gas properties related to abandonment of Labokay, respectively. The increase in selling and administrative expenses is primarily attributed to the increase of development of newly acquired wells on December 30, 2016.

 

Change in Derivative

 

Loss on change in derivative for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, were $237,387 and $0, respectively. The increase in change in derivative is primarily attributed to new convertible note entered into for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Other Expenses

 

Interest expenses for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, were $874,627 and $27,873, respectively. The increase in interest expense is primarily attributed to new notes entered into for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Other Income

 

Other income for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, were $5,727 and $0, respectively. The increase in other income is primarily attributed to a credit provided by the landlord for an unused allowance for tenant improvements which was contractually allowed to offset monthly rental payments for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Debt forgiveness

 

Gain on extinguishment of debt for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, was $48,407 and $0, respectively. The increase in gain on extinguishment of debt is primarily attributed to a legal settlement and accrued interest forgiven under a note which was paid off during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

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Net Loss

 

As a result of the foregoing, during the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, we recorded a net loss of $6,407,644 and $1,941,138, respectively.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

As shown in the accompanying financial statements, we incurred an accumulated loss of $8,382,238 through December 31, 2017, and have a working capital deficit of $13,037,291 at December 31, 2017. The Company is subject to those risks associated with exploration stage companies. The Company has sustained losses since inception and additional debt and equity financing will be required by the Company to fund its development activities and to monetize economically recoverable oil and gas reserves. As such, without additional financing, no assurances can be made that the Company will meet its current obligations in a timely manner, including daily expenses for general and administration costs.

 

On September 30, 2016, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement to sell 3,007,519 shares of our common stock to a single investor for proceeds totaling $2,000,000.

 

On May 10, 2017, we entered into a convertible note agreement with an unrelated party, pursuant to which we borrowed $50,000 at an annual percentage rate of 10% with a term of 12 months. This note may, at the option of the Lender, be converted at any time prior to September 7, 2017, into fully-paid, restricted and non-assessable shares of common stock of the Company at a price equal to 100% of the selling price of such common stock in a private placement to institutional and/or accredited investors initiated by the Company during the term of this note. On October 19, 2017, the Company agreed to extend the allowable conversion period provided under this convertible note until May 10, 2018. On November 7, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.00 per share expiring on May 7, 2019. If the Company fails to pay the principal and accrued unpaid interest due and payable to Lender on or before the due date of the convertible note, then the Lender shall be provided the right to convert at either $0.665 per share or upon the same terms offered in FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC Note’s conversion options.

 

On May 31, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, a principal shareholder, pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 200,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $200,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, is controlled by Kevin J. Sylla, our Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of FPI, and has been determined to be a Related Party. See the Company’s 8-K filed June 5, 2017 with the Commission and exhibit thereto. On September 29, 2017, we issued 100,752 additional shares of common stock and amended warrants to purchase 300,752 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to down round feature triggered by warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day.

 

On June 15, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Zhuge Liang, LLC, pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 20,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $20,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase one additional share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. We received initial $10,000 on June 15, 2017, and the balance of the subscribed amount in July 2017. On September 29, 2017, we issued 10,075 additional shares of common stock and amended warrants to purchase 30,075 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to down round feature triggered by warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day.

 

On June 30, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with a third party investor, pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 25,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $25,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase one additional share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. On September 29, 2017, we issued 12,594 additional shares of common stock and amended warrants to purchase 37,594 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to down round feature triggered by warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day.

 

On July 10, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement pursuant to which we sold 25,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $25,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. On September 29, 2017, we issued 12,594 additional shares of common stock and amended warrants to purchase 37,594 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to down round feature triggered by warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day.

 

On November 7, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.00 per share expiring on May 7, 2019 in connection with a senior convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $50,000. If the Company fails to pay the principal and accrued unpaid interest due and payable to Lender on or before the due date of the convertible note, then the Lender shall be provided the right to convert at either $0.665 per share or upon the same terms offered in FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC Note’s conversion options. The relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $3,381 on November 7, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 77%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 years.

 

On November 17, 2017, the Company issued an unaffiliated investor warrants to purchase 267,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expires in 18 months, in connection with a senior convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $267,500. The aggregate relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $10,750 on November 17, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 78%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 year.

 

On November 17, 2017, the Company issued to FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC, an unaffiliated investor, a senior convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $267,500 and received proceeds of $250,000 before giving effect to certain transactional costs including legal fees. As part of this transaction the Company also issued (i) warrants having an 18-month term, to purchase 267,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and (ii) 60,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock. This note accrues interest of 8% per annum and is due and payable on August 17, 2018. The Note agreements give the lender the right to convert the loan amounts due into common stock at a conversion price of the lower of (i) $0.665 per share or (ii) 50% of the lowest per share market values during the twenty (20) trading days immediately preceding a conversion date. If the lowest traded price of the Common Stock is less than the Conversion Price on the date following the Conversion Date on which the Holder actually receives from the Company, then the Conversion Price shall be deemed to have been retroactively adjusted, as of the Conversion Date, to a price equal to 75% multiplied by the lowest closing price of the Common Stock on the Free Trading Shares Receipt Date.

 

Management believes that its existing cash on hand is insufficient to fund its current operations. The Company is currently in discussions with multiple parties interested in providing additional capital investment to fund the Company’s current operations, development plans for current assets and acquisitions of producing properties presently under consideration. The Company also continues to search for producing and/or additional productive properties and seeks to strategically lease additional acreage positions adjoining leases currently owned by the Company. There can be no assurance that the Company’s efforts will be successful in any of these endeavors, or that those efforts will translate in a beneficial manner to the Company. The accompanying statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of assets and/or liabilities that might be necessary, should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.

 

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Operating Activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, we used $3,209,493 and $1,590,726 of cash in operating activities, respectively. Non-cash adjustments included $1,479,230 and $0 related to assets written off, $1,353,581 and $62,960 related to stock compensation expense, $14,487 and $0 in deferred rent, $377,080 and $0 related to amortization of debt discount, $73,979 and $4,114 in depreciation and amortization, $11,668 and $0 related to accretion of asset retirement obligation, common stock and warrants issued for inducement of the note extension of $145,281 and $0, fair value of down-round feature on warrants of $59,801 and $0, change in derivative liabilities of $237,387 and $0, gain on settlement of debt and contingent liability $48,507 and $0 and net changes in operating assets and liabilities of $245,514 and $283,338, respectively.

 

Investing Activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, we used $711,329 net cash in investing activities for acquisition of an oil and gas property.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, we used $382,897 net cash in investing activities for acquisition of an oil and gas property. This included cash payment made for the acquisition of $75,000 and proceeds of $358,129 cash received in an acquisition. We also acquired $91,899 in equipment and $574,127 in oil and gas property.

 

Financing Activities

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, we received $3,120,000 net cash from financing activities, which includes $1,250,000 in proceeds from the issuance of related party notes payable, $2,300,000 in proceeds from the issuance of unrelated party notes payable, $1,000,000 in repayments to notes payable, $300,000 in proceeds from the issuance of convertible note payable and $270,000 in proceeds from issuance of 406,015 units at a purchase price of $0.665 per unit.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2016, we received $2,400,000 from financing activities, including $400,000 in proceeds from issuance of a convertible note and $2,000,000 in proceeds from issuance of common stock.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our discussion and analysis of our results of operations, liquidity and capital resources are based on our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). In accordance with GAAP, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts included in our financial statements. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. On an ongoing basis, management reviews and refines those estimates.

 

Management’s judgments are based on information including, but not limited to, historical experience, industry trends, conventional practices, expert opinions, terms of existing agreements and information from outside sources. Judgments are subject to an inherent degree of uncertainty, and therefore actual results could differ from these estimates.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that are material to investors.

 

 

ITEM 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

As a “smaller reporting company” as defined by Item 10 of Regulation S-K, the Company is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

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ITEM 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

FOOTHILLS EXPLORATION, INC.

 

December 31, 2017

 

  Page
   
Consolidated Unaudited Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 F-1
   
Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 F-2
   
Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 F-3
   
Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 F-4
   
Notes to Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements F-5

 

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FOOTHILLS EXPLORATION, INC.

Consolidated Unaudited Balance Sheets

 

   December 31, 2017   December 31, 2016 
         
Assets          
Current Assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $555   $801,377 
Accounts receivable   747    - 
Prepaid expenses   14,721    49,140 
Total Current Assets   16,023    850,517 
Other Assets:          
Fixed assets, net   293,968    353,363 
Restricted cash   240,000    240,000 
Surety and performance bonds   295,000    295,000 
Oil and gas property, net   13,072,196    11,198,411 
Total Assets  $13,917,187   $12,937,291 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity          
Current Liabilities:          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $3,033,604   $1,710,328 
Related party payable   362,714    10,600 
Deferred rent   14,487    - 
Accrued interest   64,380    - 
Accrued interest - related party   166,438    - 
Notes payable - related party   1,250,000    - 
Notes payable (unamortized debt discount of $116,532 and $0, respectively)   7,304,097    - 
Derivative Liabilities   458,387    - 
Convertible note payable (unamortized debt discount of $224,228 and $0, respectively)   93,272    - 
Contingent liabilities   305,935    213,372 
Total Current Liabilities   13,053,314    1,934,300 
Long-Term Liabilities:          
Long-term debt, net (unamortized debt discount of $0 and $0, respectively)   -    6,000,000 
Asset retirement obligation   303,327    - 
Total Liabilities   13,356,641    7,934,300 
           
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized; no shares outstanding   -    - 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 14,900,627 and 13,779,612 shares issued and outstanding, respectively   1,490    1,378 
Stock payable   93,900    51,397 
Additional paid in capital   8,847,394    6,924,810 
Accumulated deficit   (8,382,238)   (1,974,594)
Total stockholders’ equity   560,546    5,002,991 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity  $13,917,187   $12,937,291 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-1 
 

 

FOOTHILLS EXPLORATION, INC.

Consolidated Unaudited Statement of Operations

 

   Year Ended   Year Ended 
   December 31, 2017   December 31, 2016 
Revenue  $101,998   $- 
           
Operating expenses          
Selling, general and administrative   3,898,553    1,913,265 
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   73,979    - 
Impairment of oil and gas properties   1,479,230    - 
Total operating expenses   5,451,762    1,913,265 
           
Loss from operations   (5,349,764)   (1,913,265)
           
Other income (expenses):          
Interest expense   (942,591)   (27,873)
Other income   5,727    - 
Change in derivative   (169,423)   - 
Debt forgiveness   48,407    - 
Total other income (expenses)   (1,057,880)   (27,873)
           
Net Loss  $(6,407,644)  $(1,941,138)
           
Net loss per share – basic and diluted   (0.44)   (0.23)
           
Weighted average common shares – basic and diluted   14,418,719    8,422,180

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-2 
 

 

FOOTHILLS EXPLORATION, INC.

Consolidated Unaudited Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

   Preferred stock   Common stock   Additional Paid in   Stock   Accumulated   Total Stockholders’ 
   Shares   Amount   Shares   Amount   Capital   Payable   Deficit   Equity 
Balance as of December 31, 2015   -   $-    4,500,000   $450   $71,980   $-   $(33,456)  $38,974 
KYLK Shares   -    -    58,809,000    5,881    (5,881)   -    -    - 
Common stock returned to treasury for cancellation   -    -    (56,449,000)   (5,645)   5,645    -    -    - 
Common stock issued for notes   -    -    1,503,759    150    999,850    -    -    1,000,000 
Shares issued for services   -    -    325,000    33    10,279    -    -    10,312 
Common stock issued for cash   -    -    3,007,519    301    1,999,699    -    -    2,000,000 
Common stock issued for acquisition   -    -    2,083,334    208    3,812,293    -         3,812,501 
Warrants issued for services   -    -    -    -    2,144    -    -    2,144 
Debt forgiveness   -    -    -    -    28,801    -    -    28,801 
Stock payable (RSUs)   -    -    -    -    -    51,397    -    51,397 
Net income     -    -    -    -    -    -    (1,941,138)   (1,941,138)
Balance as of December 31, 2016   -    -    13,779,612    1,378    6,924,810    51,397    (1,974,594)   5,002,991 
Common stock issued for cash   -    -    406,015    41    269,959    -    -    270,000 
Shares issued for services   -    -    275,000    27    453,473    -    -    453,500 
Shares issued for services (CEO, Dir)   -    -    280,000    28    135,310    (51,397)   -    83,941 
Shares issued for inducement of note payable   -    -    160,000    16    66,234    93,900    -    160,150 
Options issued for services   -    -    -    -    816,140    -    -    816,140 
Fair value of warrants issued with note payable   -    -    -    -    

178,932

    -    -    

178,932

 
Imputed interest   -    -    -    -    2,536    -    -    2,536 
Net income   -    -    -    -    -    -    (6,407,644)   (6,407,644)
Balance as of December 31, 2017   -   $-    14,900,627   $1,490   $8,847,394   $93,900   $(8,382,238)  $560,546 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-3 
 

 

FOOTHILLS EXPLORATION, INC.

Consolidated Unaudited Statement of Cash Flows

  

   Year Ended   Year Ended 
   December 31, 2017   December 31, 2016 
Cash Flows from Operating Activities          
Net loss  $(6,407,644)  $(1,941,138)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization   73,979    4,114 
Impairment of assets   1,479,230    - 
Amortization of debt discount   377,080    - 
Accretion of asset retirement obligation   11,668    - 
Fair value of down-round feature on warrants   59,801    - 
Change in derivative   237,387    - 
Common stock and warrants issued for inducement of the note extension   145,281    - 

Common stock and stock payable issued for services and fair value of options

   1,353,581    62,960 
Deferred rent   14,487    - 
Gain on settlement of debt and contingent liability   

(48,507

)   - 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Prepaid expenses   294,741    122,586 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   

(1,263,510

)   

132,739

 
Accounts payable - related party   352,114    - 
Accounts receivable   (747)   - 
Contingent Liabilities   111,070    - 
Accrued interest -related party   196,438    - 
Accrued interest   64,380    28,013 
Net cash used in operating activities   

(3,209,493

)   

(1,590,726

)
           
Cash Flows from Investing Activities          
Proceeds from restricted cash   -    358,129 
Payment made under acquisition   -    (75,000)
Payments for purchase of fixed assets   -    (91,899)
Payments for acquisition of oil and gas property   

(711,329

)   

(574,127

)
Net cash used investing activities   

(711,329

)   

(382,897

)
           
Cash Flows from Financing Activities          
Proceeds from notes payable - related party   1,250,000    - 
Repayment to notes payable   (1,000,000)   - 
Proceeds from notes payable   2,300,000    400,000 
Proceeds from convertible note payable   300,000    - 
Proceeds from sales of common stock   270,000    2,000,000 
Net cash provided by financing activities   3,120,000    2,400,000 
           
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   (800,822)   426,377 
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents, beginning of period   801,377    375,000 
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents, end of period  $555   $801,377 
           
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:          
Interest paid  $

20,000

   $  
Income tax  $    $  
           

Non cash investing and financing activities

          
Prepaid expenses in shares  $-   $893 
Asset Retirement Obligation  $291,659   $- 
Debt discount  $

717,348

   $- 
Stock issued for conversion of notes payable  $-   $1,000,000 
Accrued interest forgiven by related party  $-   $28,801 
Accounts payable settled with restricted cash  $-   $25,000 
Assets acquired in acquisition  $-   $10,817,668 
Related party payable acquired in acquisition  $-   $(10,600)
Liabilities acquired in acquisition  $-   $(613,297)
Notes payable issued in acquisition  $-   $(6,000,000)
Shares issued in acquisition  $-   $(3,812,500)

Note payable issued for services

  $

120,629

   $

-

 
Unpaid liabilities in acquisition of oil and gas property  $

2,707,415

   $

534,764

 
Fair value of warrants issued with note payable  $119,131   $- 
Fair value of shares issued for inducement of note payable  $160,150   $- 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-4 
 

 

Foothills Exploration, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Unaudited Financial Statements

For the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016

 

Note 1 – Nature of the Business

 

Business

 

Foothills Exploration, Inc., (“Company”, “Foothills Exploration” or “Foothills”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on May 13, 2010, under the name of “Key Link Assets Corp.” for the purpose of acquiring a portfolio of heavily discounted real estate properties in the Chicago metropolitan area. The Company changed its focus and planned to acquire small and medium sized grocery stores in non-urban locales that are not directly served by large national supermarket chains.

 

On May 2, 2016, Foothills Petroleum Inc., a Nevada corporation (“FPI”), acquired over 14.1 million pre-split (56.4 million post-split) shares of the Company’s common stock constituting approximately 96% of our then issued and outstanding shares (“FPI Acquired Shares”). As of May 16, 2016, we effected a 4:1 forward split of our shares of common stock.

 

On May 27, 2016, the Company entered into a Share Exchange Agreement with shareholders of FPI whereby we acquired all of the outstanding shares of FPI in exchange for 4,500,000 shares of our common stock and also issued 1,503,759 shares of our common stock on automatic conversion of debt (please see discussion below under Overview) for an aggregate of 6,003,759 shares of our common stock (the “Share Exchange”). As a result of the Share Exchange, FPI became our wholly owned subsidiary and the FPI Acquired Shares were returned to treasury and deemed cancelled. For accounting purposes, this transaction is being accounted for as a reverse acquisition and has been treated as a recapitalization of the Company with FPI considered the accounting acquirer, and the financial statements of the accounting acquirer became the financial statements of the registrant. The completion of the Share Exchange resulted in a change of control. The FPI Shareholders obtained approximately 96% of voting control on the date of Share Exchange. FPI was the acquirer for financial reporting purposes and the Company was the acquired company. The consolidated financial statements after the acquisition include the balance sheets of both companies at historical cost, the historical results of FPI and the results of the Company from the acquisition date. All share and per share information in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and footnotes have been retroactively restated to reflect the recapitalization. 

 

Prior to the Share Exchange, the Company had minimal assets and recognized no revenues from operations, and were accordingly classified as a shell company. On June 24, 2016, the Company filed an amendment to our Current Report on Form 8-K originally filed on June 10, 2016, indicating that we were no longer a shell company as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. In light of closing the Share Exchange transaction with the shareholders of FPI, the Company became actively engaged in oil and gas operations through its wholly owned subsidiary.

 

On December 12, 2016, the Company entered into a participation agreement with Magna Operating, LLC, a privately held Houston-based independent exploration and production company (“Magna Operating”), in relation to the Labokay prospect, covering approximately 240 acres in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. As consideration for an assignment of interest in and to the leases and the prospect, Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc., a Nevada corporation and indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“FPOI”), tendered to Magna Operating the purchase price in the amount of $144,000. This amount covered FPOI’s share of the land, lease, and administrative costs that Magna Operating incurred in generating and assembling the Labokay prospect as of November 15, 2016. As further consideration for an assignment of working interest in and to the leases, FPOI agreed to participate in the cost, risk, and expense of drilling the Labokay test well. The well was plugged and abandoned in February 2017. The Company has no immediate plans to engage in further exploration and development activities in the U.S. Gulf Coast region.

 

On December 30, 2016, the Company acquired various oil and gas assets in Utah from Total Belief Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of New Times Energy Corporation Limited. These assets included certain oil and gas wells throughout the Uinta Basin in Utah on acreage with over 30 proven undeveloped drilling locations, additional non-operating interest in other leases, and access to approximately 6,000 acres in the Uinta Basin with proven and probable reserves and existing infrastructure in place. Through the acquisition, Foothills also obtained six shut-in wells in the Natural Buttes Field, Utah. The transaction provides Foothills with the rights to an agreement to acquire up to 6,000+ acres and up to 16 shut-in oil and gas wells with proved and proved undeveloped reserves on Tribal lands in the Uinta Basin. This acquisition delivers to the Company an additional 40% working interest in the Ladysmith Prospect covering 3,060 acres in the Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming, bringing the Company’s total working interest in the prospect from 35% (pre-acquisition) up to 75%.

 

By this agreement, the Company acquired 13,166,667 shares, constituting 55.63% of the outstanding shares of Grey Hawk Exploration, Inc. (“Grey Hawk”), a British Columbia, Canada company. Grey Hawk owns a non-operated working interest in two non-producing wells in the southern portion of the Natural Buttes Field.

 

F-5 
 

 

On December 30, 2016, the Company also acquired the remaining 25% membership interest in Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC (“TEPI”) from Green Stone Capital Partners Limited, a Cayman Islands limited liability company, in exchange for assumption of Greenstone’s proportionate share of TEPI obligations and liabilities.

 

On May 10, 2017, the Company entered into a purchase and sale agreement (PSA), with an undisclosed seller, to acquire 67,330 gross acres (49,600 net acres) held by production in Utah and Colorado. This acquisition was anticipated to close by or before June 30, 2017, such closing being subject to traditional representations, warranties, covenants and adjustments including, but not limited to lien releases, cures of any defective title matters, satisfaction of leases and amendments thereto. In August 2017, the parties by mutual agreement terminated the PSA.

 

On October 19, 2017, the Company announced the acquisition of 21% working interest in two horizontal gas wells in the Uinta Basin from an undisclosed party. Both wells are operated by EOG Resources, Inc. (NYSE: EOG). We expect total cost for our 21% working interest in both wells will be $3.2 million. These wells align with the Company’s overall growth strategy for the Basin and provides us with the ability to gain insight from a world-class operator. In February 2018, the Company announced the successful drilling, completion and flow testing of the Stagecoach 111-20H and Stagecoach 117-20H horizontal wells, both of which are now producing natural gas in commercial quantities. Both wells have been online since late December 2017 and production tubing is expected to be set in the near term. These two successful horizontal wells will generate production and net cash flow for the Company and are expected to payout within 30 months. As of December 31, 2017, the Company incurred $1,501,377 cost for our shares of interest.

 

Nature of Operations

 

FPI, the Company’s main operating subsidiary, was incorporated in Nevada in December 2015. Foothills is an independent oil and gas exploration company with a focus on the acquisition and development of oil and gas properties in the Rockies and Gulf Coast. Foothills seeks to acquire dislocated and underdeveloped oil and gas assets and maximize those assets to create shareholder value (the “Business”).

 

The Company’s principal obligations include:

 

A debenture in the amount of $1,250,000, plus interest accruing at a rate of 9% per annum issued to Berwin Trading Limited (“Berwin”) with principal and interest due upon maturity on May 6, 2017. On May 5, 2017, the Company and Berwin agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 20, 2017, in return for an annual interest rate increase from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On November 3, 2017, Berwin agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Berwin also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company issued Berwin 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Berwin and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Berwin with 250,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $125,000 shall become due and payable to Berwin by the Company.
   
A second debenture in the amount of $1,000,000, plus interest accruing at a rate of 9% issued to Full Wealth Investment Hong Kong Limited (“Full Wealth”) with principal and interest due upon maturity on or before May 5, 2017. On May 18, 2017, Full Wealth sold this note to Gold Class Limited, with accrued interest increased from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On June 1, 2017, Full Wealth acquired this note back from Gold Class and the Company issued a new debenture with a 60-day term and 10% interest per annum to Full Wealth. On August 14, 2017, we repaid $1,000,000 in principal and $20,000 in accrued interest and recorded remaining accrued interest in amount of $30,000 as gain on debt forgiveness.
   
A promissory note in the amount of $6,000,000 to Total Belief Limited (“TBL”), a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of New Times Energy Corporation Limited, issued in connection with the assets acquired on December 30, 2016, with a maturity date of June 30, 2018. This promissory note recites that it accrues no interest during its term and is due and payable in full on or before its maturity date. Foothills recorded $342,804 imputed interest as debt discount. This amount of $342,804 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 1.5 years. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we amortized $228,536 debt discount into interest expense. The Company has reduced the value of its oil and gas properties in the proportion of the debt discount allocated to the Note.
   

A convertible promissory note in amount of $50,000 was issued to an unrelated party on May 10, 2017, bearing an annual percentage rate of 10% with a term of 12 months, which is due on May 10, 2018. This note may, at the option of the lender, be converted at any time prior to September 7, 2017, into fully-paid, restricted and non-assessable shares of common stock of the Company at a price equal to 100% of the selling price of such common stock in a private placement to institutional and/or accredited investors initiated by the Company during the term of this note. On October 19, 2017, the Company agreed to extend the allowable conversion period provided under this convertible note until May 10, 2018. On November 7, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.00 per share expiring on May 7, 2019. If the Company fails to pay the principal and accrued unpaid interest due and payable to Lender on or before the due date of the convertible note, then the Lender shall be provided the right to convert at either $0.665 per share or upon the same terms offered in FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC Note’s conversion options. The relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $3,381 on November 7, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 77%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 years. At December 31, 2017, $50,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note. The issuance of the warrants in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”).

   
A promissory note to Profit Well Limited, a Hong Kong limited liability company, issued on August 9, 2017, in the amount of $1,050,000. The promissory note bears an annual interest rate of 13.5% and was initially payable on September 8, 2017. The Company received the funds under the foregoing note on August 10, 2017. The funds received pursuant to the Note principally have been used to repay the Full Wealth debenture, dated June 1, 2017. On November 3, 2017, Profit Well Limited agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Profit Well Limited also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company agreed to issue Profit Well Limited 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Profit Well and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Profit Well with 200,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $100,000 shall become due and payable to Profit Well by the Company.

 

F-6 
 

 

A promissory note and three tranches of warrants issued on September 29, 2017, to an unaffiliated investor for an aggregate consideration of $250,000. This promissory note recites that it accrues no interest if paid when due and is due and payable on January 2, 2018. The obligations under the promissory note were personally guaranteed by Kevin J. Sylla, Executive Chairman of the Company. If principal is not paid on or before January 2, 2018, interest will accrue at the rate of 15% per year until paid. On November 6, 2017, the Company agreed to compensate the investor 75,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. On December 30, 2017, the Company and the investor agreed to extend the maturity date of this Note to January 23, 2018, in return for a payment at maturity of the principal, accrued interest as provided in the Note, plus 30,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock. Because the fair value of the shares was greater than 10% of the present value of the remaining cash flows under the Note, the issuance of the shares in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. was treated as a debt extinguishment and reissuance of a new debt instrument pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). Since January 23, 2018, the Company and the investor have been in ongoing discussions to extend the term of this Note. On March 28, 2018, the investor acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Note and reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend the Note’s due date or repay its obligation on terms that are mutually satisfactory. The warrants have the following terms:

 

  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share expiring on September 29, 2019,
     
  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.25 per share expiring on September 29, 2020,
     
  185,000 warrants to purchase 185,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $2.00 per share expiring on September 29, 2020.

 

The aggregate relative fair value of three tranches of warrants was determined to be $105,000 on September 29, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 2-3 years. $2,536 imputed interest was recorded as debt discount. $2,536 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 0.26 year. The aggregate value of the warrants and imputed interest of $107,536 was considered as debt discount upon issuance and will be amortized as interest over the term of the Note or in full upon the conversion of the Note. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company amortized $105,272 of such discount to interest expense, and the unamortized discount as of December 31, 2017 was $2,264. At December 31, 2017, $250,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note.

 

Each tranche of warrants is subject to down round adjustment provisions if the Company during the term of that tranche issues additional securities for consideration per share, after giving effect to fees, commission and expenses, that is less, or which on conversion or exercise of the underlying security is less, than $0.665 per share (as adjusted for any change resulting from forward or reverse splits, stock dividends and similar events).

 

To satisfy most favored nation provisions in previously entered securities purchase agreements that are triggered by the transaction described above, Company issued 136,015 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 136,015 shares of common stock, in the aggregate, to certain investors who purchased units from the Company, at a $1.00 per unit, with each unit consisting of one share and one warrant. See the Company’s Current Report on the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 5, 2017. Of this amount, 100,752 shares and warrants to purchase 100,752 shares of common stock will be issued to Wilshire Energy Partners LLC, an entity controlled by Kevin J. Sylla. The exercise price of these investor warrants was adjusted to $0.665 per share. We measured the value of the effect of the down round feature as the difference between the fair value of the financial instrument at an original exercise price of $1.50 and an adjusted exercise price of $0.665 and, as a result, $59,801 was recorded as down round feature as interest expense under ASC 260-10-30-1. Foothills determined the amount of $59,801 using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 3 years.

 

 

A convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $267,500, with net proceeds of $250,000 before giving effect to certain transactional costs including legal fees, was issued to FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC, on November 17, 2017. As part of this transaction the Company also issued:

 

  warrants having an 18-month term, to purchase 267,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and
     
  60,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock.
     
  The convertible note accrues interest of 8% per annum and is due and payable on August 17, 2018. The warrants are subject to adjustment in certain events such as forward or reverse stock splits or if subsequent financings are at terms that are more favorable to persons in subsequent issuances of securities. The convertible note agreements give the lender the right to convert the loan amounts due into common stock at a conversion price of $0.665 per share, subject to adjustment under certain events, and the Company has the option but not the obligation to repay the outstanding principal of the convertible note, in whole or in part, within six months from the closing date, by paying 115% of the principal amount then owing, plus any accrued and unpaid interest to avoid conversion under the convertible agreements. The convertible note may not be prepaid from 180 days after closing until maturity and is secured by a personal guaranty from the Company’s Executive Chairman, Kevin Sylla. The net proceeds of the convertible note will be used for general corporate and working capital purposes. No broker-dealer or placement agent was retained or involved in this transaction. See 8-K report filed with the SEC on November 17, 2017 for more information.

 

F-7 
 

 

  A promissory note was issued on November 1, 2017, to the Law Offices of Aaron A. Grunfeld or its successors or assigns (the “Holder”), the Company’s outside general counsel, for a principal amount of $120,628.95 in exchange of legal services rendered, bearing an interest rate of 12% per annum and with a maturity date of June 30, 2018.

 

From its inception in December 2015 through the period ended December 31, 2017, Foothills produced limited revenues from its business and principal properties and is currently an exploration stage company. Prior to January 2017, Foothills had minimal operations that were focused mainly on administrative activities connected to the identification and evaluation of potential oil and gas prospects and other potential leasehold acquisitions in our geographical areas of interest. As of December 31, 2017, Foothills had rights to 45,648 acres of oil and gas property in the state of Wyoming, excluding 6,115 acres of the Ironwood prospect that are subject to drilling a well in 2017. Since the Company does not expect to drill a test well on the Ironwood prospect prior to the end of 2017, this acreage will not be earned by the Company. 

 

During the period ended December 31, 2017, the Company continued to evaluate, consider and perform due diligence on several prospective acquisitions of producing oil and gas properties located in the U.S. Rocky Mountain region. On May 10, 2017, the Company entered into a purchase and sales agreement (PSA) with an undisclosed seller to acquire approximately 49,600 net acres held by production in the Piceance Basin in Utah and Colorado. The acquisition was anticipated to close on or before June 30, 2017, however the Company and seller agreed to terminate the PSA by mutual agreement and the Company did not consummate the acquisition. For the period ended December 31, 2017, the Company also submitted several additional letters of intent and indications of interest to other prospective sellers of producing assets, which unfortunately never progressed to the PSA stage of negotiations. Management continues to seek out and evaluate potential joint ventures with industry partners and other prospective acquisitions of producing oil and gas assets, which meet our criteria. We anticipate consummating one or more prospective acquisition of producing properties during the current fiscal year, which will be accretive to earnings and provide a platform for future revenue growth.

 

Going Concern

 

The Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report have been prepared assuming that it will continue as a going concern, which contemplates continuity of operations, realization of assets, and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. As reflected in the consolidated financial statements, the Company had an accumulated deficit of $8,382,238 at December 31, 2017, and incurred a net loss of $6,407,644, and utilized net cash of $502,078 in operating activities for the year ended. These factors raise substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements included elsewhere herein do not include any adjustments related to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. Our financial statements reflect that our current liabilities exceed our current assets and it is possible that the historical value of the assets that we record on our books may not be attained on a sale or other disposition for cash. We require substantial additional operating capital to maintain current operations and to implement even a portion of our identified acquisitions and workovers. Additional capital, if available at all, will likely be on onerous terms that are also dilutive to our shareholders. No assurance can be given that we will obtain any additional capital. As a consequence, an investment in our shares or other securities is extremely speculative and may result in a complete loss of your investment.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The financial statements include the accounts of Foothills Exploration, Inc., and all of its direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries including Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc., Foothills Exploration Operating, Inc., Foothills Exploration LLC, Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC, Tiger Energy Operating, LLC and Tiger Energy Mineral Leasing, LLC. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Basis of Presentation and Functional Currency

 

These consolidated financial statements and related notes are presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and are expressed in United States dollars (USD).

 

Use of Estimate and Assumptions

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date(s) of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period(s). Management bases its estimates on historical experience and on various assumptions that are believed to be reasonable in relation to the financial statements taken as a whole under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Management regularly evaluates the key factors and assumptions used to develop the estimates utilizing currently available information, changes in facts and circumstances, historical experience and reasonable assumptions. After such evaluations, if deemed appropriate, those estimates are adjusted accordingly. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include those related to assumptions used in impairment testing of long term assets, accruals for potential liabilities and valuing equity instruments issued for services. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

F-8 
 

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

Cash and cash equivalents include all highly liquid debt instruments with maturity of three months or less when purchased.

 

Restricted Cash

 

Cash and cash equivalents that are restricted as to withdrawal or use under the terms of certain contractual agreements are recorded in restricted cash in the non-current assets section of our consolidated balance sheet. As of December 31, 2017, and 2016, the Company had restricted cash of $240,000 and $240,000, respectively; this amount is being held in escrow for the benefit of the State of Utah for certain properties located in Utah. These funds, currently being held in escrow, will be released to the Company once the Company finishes its reclamation projects.

 

Accounts receivable and allowance for doubtful accounts

 

Accounts receivable represent customer accounts receivables. The Company provides an allowance for doubtful accounts equal to the estimated uncollectible amounts. The Company’s estimate is based on historical collection experience, general economic environment trends, and a review of the current status of trade accounts receivable. Management reviews its accounts receivable each reporting period to determine if the allowance for doubtful accounts is adequate. Such allowances, if any, would be recorded in the period the impairment is identified. It is reasonably possible that the Company’s estimate of the allowance for doubtful accounts will change. Uncollectible accounts receivables are charged against the allowance for doubtful accounts when all reasonable efforts to collect the amounts due have been exhausted.

 

Oil and Gas Properties

 

The Company follows the full cost method of accounting for its investments in oil and gas properties. Under the full cost method, all costs associated with the exploration of properties are capitalized into appropriate cost centers within the full cost pool. Internal costs that are capitalized are limited to those costs that can be directly identified with acquisition, exploration, and development activities undertaken and do not include any costs related to production, general corporate overhead, or similar activities. Cost centers are established on a country-by-country basis.

 

Capitalized costs within the cost centers are amortized on the unit-of-production basis using proved oil and gas reserves. The cost of investments in unevaluated properties and major development projects are excluded from capitalized costs to be amortized until it is determined whether or not proved reserves can be assigned to the properties. Until such a determination is made, the properties are assessed annually to ascertain whether impairment has occurred. The costs of drilling exploratory dry holes are included in the amortization base immediately upon determination that the well is dry.

 

For each cost center, capitalized costs are subject to an annual ceiling test, in which the costs shall not exceed the cost center ceiling. The cost center ceiling is equal to: (i) the present value of estimated future net revenues computed by applying current prices of oil and gas reserves (with consideration of price changes only to the extent provided by contractual arrangements) to estimated future production of proved oil and gas reserves as of the date of the latest balance sheet presented, less estimated future expenditures (based on current costs) to be incurred in developing and producing the proved reserves computed using a discount factor of ten percent and assuming continuation of existing economic conditions; plus (ii) the cost of properties not being amortized; plus (iii) the lower of cost or estimated fair value of unproven properties included in the costs being amortized; and less (iv) income tax effects related to differences between the book and tax basis of the properties. If unamortized costs capitalized within a cost center, less related deferred income taxes, exceed the cost center ceiling, the excess is charged to expense and separately disclosed during the period in which the excess occurs.

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company recognized impairment of oil and gas property in amount of $1,479,230, during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Capitalization of Fixed Assets

 

The Company capitalizes expenditures related to property and equipment, subject to a minimum rule, that have a useful life greater than one year for: (1) assets purchased; (2) existing assets that are replaced, improved or the useful lives have been extended; or (3) all land, regardless of cost, acquisitions of new assets, additions, replacements and improvements (other than land) costing less than the minimum rule in addition to maintenance and repair costs, including any planned major maintenance activities, are expensed as incurred.

 

Office equipment – 3 years

Vehicle(s) – 5 years

Drilling and production equipment – 7 years

Oil and gas properties – 20 years

 

Asset Retirement Obligations

 

The asset retirement obligation relates to the plug and abandonment costs when its wells are no longer useful. The Company determines the value of the liability by obtaining quotes for this service and then estimating the increase it will face in the future. The Company then discounts the future value based on an intrinsic interest rate that is appropriate. If costs rise more than what was expected there could be additional future charges, however, Foothills monitors the costs of the abandoned wells and intends to adjust this liability as required.

 

F-9 
 

 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

For certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash and equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and short-term debt, the carrying amounts approximate their fair values due to their short maturities. ASC Topic 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” requires disclosure of the fair value of financial instruments held by the Company. ASC Topic 825, “Financial Instruments,” defines fair value, and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement that enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measures. The carrying amounts reported in the consolidated balance sheets for receivables and current liabilities each qualify as financial instruments and are a reasonable estimate of their fair values because of the short period of time between the origination of such instruments and their expected realization and their current market rate of interest. The three levels of valuation hierarchy are defined as follows:

 

  Level 1, defined as observable inputs to the valuation methodology are quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
     
  Level 2, defined as inputs to the valuation methodology include quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, and inputs that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
     
  Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions, such as valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

 

The Company analyzes all financial instruments with features of both liabilities and equity under ASC 480, “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity,” and ASC 815. The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, including cash, prepaid expenses, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other current liabilities, approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. The fair value of notes payable and convertible notes approximates their fair values since the current interest rates and terms on these obligations are the same as prevailing market rates.

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company did not identify any assets and liabilities that are required to be presented on the balance sheet at fair value.

 

Derivative Financial Instruments

 

Certain of the Company’s debt and equity instruments include embedded derivatives that require bifurcation from the host contract under the provisions of ASC 815-40, Derivatives and Hedging. Under the provisions of these statements, the Company records the related derivative liabilities at fair value and records the accounting gain or loss resulting from the change in fair values at the end of each reporting period.

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

The Company assesses the valuation of components of its property and equipment and other long-lived assets whenever events or circumstances dictate that the carrying value might not be recoverable. The Company bases its evaluation on indicators such as the nature of the assets, the future economic benefit of the assets, any historical or future profitability measurements and other external market conditions or factors that may be present. If such factors indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or asset group may not be recoverable, the Company determines whether an impairment has occurred by analyzing an estimate of undiscounted future cash flows at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows exist. If the estimate of undiscounted cash flows during the estimated useful life of the asset is less than the carrying value of the asset, the Company recognizes a loss for the difference between the carrying value of the asset and its estimated fair value, generally measured by the present value of the estimated cash flows.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with the requirements of ASC 605-10-599, which directs that it should recognize revenue when (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists (contracts); (2) delivery has occurred; (3) the seller’s price is fixed or determinable (per the customer’s contract); and (4) collectability is reasonably assured (based upon our credit policy). For products sold to end-users revenue is recognized when title has passed to the customer and collectability is reasonably assured; and no further efforts are required. Future revenue from anticipated new products will follow this same policy.

 

F-10 
 

 

Debt Issuance Costs, Debt Discount and Detachable Debt-Related Warrants

 

Costs incurred to issue debt are deferred and recorded as a reduction to the debt balance in our consolidated balance sheets. We amortize debt issuance costs over the expected term of the related debt using the effective interest method. Debt discounts relate to the relative fair value of warrants issued in conjunction with the debt and are also recorded as a reduction to the debt balance and accreted over the expected term of the debt to interest expense using the effective interest method.

 

Net Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share

 

The Company computes earnings per share under ASC 260-10, “Earnings Per Share.” Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net income (loss) attributable to the common stockholders (the numerator) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding (the denominator) during the reporting periods. Diluted loss per share is computed by increasing the denominator by the weighted average number of additional shares that could have been outstanding from securities convertible into common stock (using the “treasury stock” method), unless their effect on net loss per share is anti-dilutive. The potential shares are excluded from the determination of basic and diluted net loss per share as their effect is anti-dilutive.

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences, and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Temporary differences are the differences between the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and their tax bases. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

All share-based payments, including grants of stock to employees, directors and consultants, are recognized in the consolidated financial statements based upon their estimated fair values.

 

The Company accounts for stock, stock options and stock warrants issued for services and compensation by employees under the fair value method. For non-employees, the fair market value of the Company’s stock is measured on the date of stock issuance or the date an option/warrant is granted as appropriate under ASC 718 “Compensation – Stock Compensation”. The Company determined the fair market value of the warrants/options issued under the Black-Scholes Pricing Model. Under the provisions ASC 718, share-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as an expense over the employee’s requisite service period (generally the vesting period of the equity grant).

 

The Company’s accounting policy for equity instruments issued to consultants and vendors in exchange for goods and services follows ASC Topic 505. As such, the value of the applicable stock-based compensation is periodically re-measured and income or expense is recognized during their vesting terms. The measurement date for the fair value of the equity instruments issued is determined at the earlier of (i) the date at which a commitment for performance by the consultant or vendor is reached or (ii) the date at which the consultant or vendor’s performance is complete. In the case of equity instruments issued to consultants, the fair value of the equity instrument is primarily recognized over the term of the consulting agreement. In accordance with FASB guidance, an asset acquired in exchange for the issuance of fully vested, non-forfeitable equity instruments should not be presented or classified as an offset to equity on the grantor’s balance sheet once the equity instrument is granted for accounting purposes.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes (“ASU 2015-17”). ASU 2015-17 requires companies to classify all deferred tax assets and liabilities as noncurrent on the balance sheet instead of separating deferred taxes into current and noncurrent amounts. The guidance is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. The guidance may be adopted on either a prospective or retrospective basis. The adoption of ASU 2015-17 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”). ASU 2016-02 addresses the financial reporting of leasing transactions. Under current guidance for lessees, leases are only included on the balance sheet if certain criteria, classifying the agreement as a capital lease, are met. This update will require the recognition of a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability, discounted to the present value, for all leases that extend beyond 12 months. For operating leases, the asset and liability will be expensed over the lease term on a straight-line basis, with all cash flows included in the operating section of the statement of cash flows. For finance leases, interest on the lease liability will be recognized separately from the amortization of the right-of-use asset in the statement of operations and the repayment of the principal portion of the lease liability will be classified as a financing activity while the interest component will be included in the operating section of the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. The Company has not yet completed the analysis of how adopting this guidance will affect its consolidated financial statements.

 

F-11 
 

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”). ASU 2016-09 simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. Some of the areas of simplification apply only to nonpublic entities. For public business entities, the amendments in ASU 2016-09 are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. The adoption of ASU 2016-09 did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-01, Clarifying the Definition of a Business (“ASU 2017-01”). The standard clarifies the definition of a business by adding guidance to assist entities in evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions of assets or businesses. ASU 2017-01 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Under ASU 2017-01, to be considered a business, the assets in the transaction need to include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs. Prior to the adoption of the new guidance, an acquisition or disposition would be considered a business if there were inputs, as well as processes that when applied to those inputs had the ability to create outputs. Early adoption is permitted for certain transactions. Adoption of ASU 2017-01 may have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements if it enters into future business combinations.

 

In January 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (“ASU 2017-04”). ASU 2017-04 simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment by removing Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test, which requires a hypothetical purchase price allocation. ASU 2017-04 is effective for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and should be applied on a prospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company does not anticipate the adoption of ASU 2017-04 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In July 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-11, Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features (“ASU 2017-11”). When determining whether certain financial instruments should be classified as liabilities or equity instruments, a down round feature no longer precludes equity classification when assessing whether the instrument is indexed to an entity’s own stock. ASU 2017-11 is effective for annual or interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and should be applied on a retrospective basis. Early adoption is permitted for all entities, including adoption in an interim period. The Company adopted ASU 2017-11 on its consolidated financial statements.

 

Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 2 – Fixed Assets

 

As of December 31, 2017, and 2016, fixed assets consisted of the following:

 

   December 31, 2017   December 31, 2016 
Computer equipment and fixtures  $22,453   $22,453 
Vehicle   69,446    69,446 
Drilling Equipment   265,578    265,578 
Accumulated depreciation   (63,509)   (4,114)
Fixed assets, net  $293,968   $353,363 

 

Depreciation and amortization expense for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $59,395 and $4,114, respectively.

 

Note 3 – Oil and Gas Properties

 

Upon organization of Foothills Petroleum Inc. (“FPI”), on December 24, 2015, Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, contributed its 100% membership interest in Foothills Exploration, LLC, a Wyoming limited liability company, to FPI in exchange for 4,500,000 shares of FPI’s common stock. At the time of contribution, Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, had acquired and owned the rights to 38,120 acres of oil and gas leases in the State of Wyoming. On completion of the Share Exchange, effective May 27, 2016, Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, exchanged its FPI shares for 4,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. As a result, the Company owns 100% of FPI and Foothills Exploration, LLC, is now a wholly owned indirect subsidiary of the Company that retains title to these oil and gas leases. This transaction is treated as the founding transaction by the Company. The asset was valued at $72,430 at the time of transfer based on costs associated with the payment of lease bonuses, fees and taxes paid during the formation of the asset. During Q4 2017, the Company allowed the BLM leases for the Springs project to expire without paying additional delay rental payments. As the result, the Company recognized impairment of oil and gas property in amount of $150,593, during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

F-12 
 

 

On December 24, 2015, Foothills entered into a convertible promissory note in the amount of $600,000 with Alternus. The two-year note matures on December 23, 2017 and accrues interest at 8% per year. By its terms the Note was automatically required to convert the outstanding principal and interest due under the terms of the Note upon a merger or other combination occurring between Foothills and an entity with shares listed for trading (“Pubco”). The conversion price in the Note was established at $0.665 per share, (the “Conversion Price”). On April 5, 2016, and under substantially similar terms described herein, Foothills received an additional $400,000 from Alternus. Under the agreements between Alternus and Foothills, Alternus had the right but not the obligation to subscribe for an aggregate of up to $3,500,000 of convertible notes which, in the event of that full subscription would convert into not less than 30% of the outstanding shares of Pubco. At May 27, 2016, the date of the Share Exchange, Alternus had invested $1,000,000 and, based on the Conversion Price, 1,503,759 shares of Common Stock of Pubco (Key Link) were issued in full satisfaction of its two notes.

 

Alternus transferred to Berwin Trading Limited its right to purchase the remaining $2,500,000 in equity in the Company at substantially the same terms as the conversion of the convertible note purchase agreement. Berwin agreed to purchase $2,000,000 or 3,007,519 common shares and completed the documents related to the purchase of equity on June 30, 2016 and funded its investment on July 6, 2016. The additional investment option has expired.

 

On March 29, 2016, Foothills acquired a 35% working interest in the Ladysmith Anticline prospect that is located in Fremont County, Wyoming. Total acreage position is 3,061 acres located between the Great Divide/Greater Green River Basin and the Wind River Basin, in return for covering certain costs of operation in the amount of $20,000, and to a share of the working interest in the leases. The primary target zones are the variable Phosphoria and Tensleep sandstone with secondary considerations in the Madison limestone and Flathead sandstone. The prospect generation was based on licensed 2-D seismic comprised of two seismic lines covering the Chevron/Echo – Greater Green River Basin. The asset is valued at $20,000 based on the agreement and consideration paid by the Company. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company capitalized an additional $15,919 in costs related to this asset.

 

On December 12, 2016, the Company entered into a participation agreement with Magna Operating, LLC, a privately held Houston-based independent exploration and production company (“Magna Operating”), in relation to the Labokay prospect, covering approximately 240 acres in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. As consideration for an assignment of interest in and to the leases and the prospect, Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc., a Nevada corporation and indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“FPOI”), tendered to Magna Operating the purchase price in the amount of $144,000. This amount covered FPOI’s share of the land, lease, and administrative costs that Magna Operating incurred in generating and assembling the Labokay prospect as of November 15, 2016. As further consideration for an assignment of working interest in and to the leases, FPOI agreed to participate in the cost, risk, and expense of drilling the Labokay test well.

 

During the period ended December 31, 2017, the Company drilled a test well on Labokay to the total measured depth of 8,795 feet, where hydrocarbons shows were present, but not in commercial quantities to warrant completion. The well was plugged and abandoned. The Company recognized impairment of oil and gas property in amount of $1,479,230, during the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

On December 30, 2016, the Company acquired various oil and gas assets in Utah from Total Belief Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of New Times Energy Corporation Limited. These assets included certain oil and gas wells throughout the Uinta Basin in Utah on acreage with over 30 proven undeveloped drilling locations, additional non-operating interest in other leases, and access to approximately 6,000 acres in the Uinta Basin with proven and probable reserves and existing infrastructure in place. This purchase provides us with an entry point into the Uinta Basin and a basis from which to seek other bolt-on acquisition opportunities in the Rockies. The transaction delivers a licensed and bonded operator in Utah having bonds in place with the BLM, State of Utah and BIA. Through the acquisition, Foothills also obtained six shut-in wells in the Natural Buttes Field, Utah. All six (6) wells are currently shut-in and not producing. The Company is working to bring all of these wells back into production during Q4.

 

The transaction provided Foothills with the rights to an agreement to acquire up to 6,000+ acres and up to 16 shut-in oil and gas wells with proved and proved undeveloped reserves on Tribal lands in the Uinta Basin. These properties provide in-field drilling potential, the ability to bring online shut-in wells and behind pipe development. Five shut-in wells located on fee lands in the Altamont-Bluebell Field that are undergoing title curative also have the potential to achieve near term production with stimulation and the addition of surface equipment. Furthermore, this acquisition delivers to the Company an additional 40% working interest in the Ladysmith Prospect covering 3,060 acres in the Greater Green River Basin, Wyoming, bringing the Company’s total working interest in the prospect from 35% (pre-acquisition) up to 75%. Lastly through this transaction, the Company also acquired 13,166,667 shares of common stock, constituting 55.63% of the outstanding shares of Grey Hawk Exploration, Inc. (“Grey Hawk”), a British Columbia, Canada company. Grey Hawk owns a non-operated working interest in two non-producing wells in the southern portion of the Greater Natural Buttes Field in Utah.

 

F-13 
 

 

On December 30, 2016, concurrent with the TBL transaction, the Company also acquired the remaining 25% membership interests in TEPI from Green Stone Capital Partners Limited, a Cayman Islands limited liability company, in exchange for assumption of Greenstone’s proportionate share of TEPI obligations and liabilities.

 

On December 30, 2016, in connection with the TBL acquisition (see Note 1), Foothills entered into a promissory note in the amount of $6,000,000 with Total Belief Limited (see Note 5). This note matures on June 30, 2018 and recites that no interest accrues during its term. Foothills recorded $342,804 imputed interest as debt discount. This amount of $342,804 was determined using the imputed interest method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 1.5 years. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we amortized $228,536 debt discount into interest expense.

 

On May 10, 2017, the Company entered into a purchase and sale agreement (PSA), with an undisclosed seller, to acquire 67,330 gross acres (49,600 net acres) held by production in Utah and Colorado. This acquisition was anticipated to close by or before June 30, 2017, such closing being subject to traditional representations, warranties, covenants and adjustments including, but not limited to lien releases, cures of any defective title matters, satisfaction of leases and amendments thereto. In August 2017, the parties by mutual agreement terminated the PSA.

 

On October 19, 2017, the Company announced the acquisition of 21% working interest in two horizontal gas wells in the Uinta Basin from an undisclosed party. Both wells are operated by EOG Resources, Inc. (NYSE: EOG). These wells fit with the Company’s overall growth strategy for the Basin and provides us with the ability to gain insight from a world-class operator. In February 2018, the Company announced the successful drilling, completion and flow testing of the Stagecoach 111-20H and Stagecoach 117-20H horizontal wells, both of which are now producing natural gas in commercial quantities. Both wells have been online since late December 2017 and production tubing is expected to be set in the near term. These two successful horizontal wells will generate production and net cash flow for the Company and are expected to payout within 30 months. As of December 31, 2017, the Company incurred $1,501,377 cost for our shares of interest. 

 

During the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company capitalized an additional $3,418,744 and $1,108,891 of oil and gas properties, respectively.

 

Note 4 – Asset Retirement Obligation

 

The Company’s asset retirement obligations relate to the abandonment of oil and gas wells. The amounts recognized are based on numerous estimates and assumptions, including future retirement costs, inflation rates and credit adjusted risk-free interest rates. The following shows the changes in asset retirement obligations:

 

Asset retirement obligations, January 1, 2017  $- 
Liabilities incurred during the period   291,659 
Release of liabilities associated with the sale of oil properties   - 
Liabilities settled during the year   - 
Accretion   11,667 
Asset retirement obligations, December 31, 2017  $303,326 

 

Depletion expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 was $14,583 and $0, respectively.

 

Note 5 – Notes Payable

 

On December 30, 2016, in connection with the TBL acquisition (see Note 1), Foothills entered into a promissory note in the amount of $6,000,000 with Total Belief Limited. This note matures on June 30, 2018 and recites that it accrues no interest during its term. Foothills recorded $342,804 imputed interest as debt discount. This amount of $342,804 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 1.5 years. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we amortized $228,536 debt discount into interest expense. The Company has reduced the value of its oil and gas properties in the proportion of the debt discount allocated to the Note.

 

F-14 
 

 

Effective January 5, 2017, Foothills borrowed $1,000,000 from Full Wealth Investment Hong Kong Limited, a limited liability company organized under the laws of Hong Kong. The Company executed a promissory note, titled as a Debenture, with the lender dated as of December 30, 2016, with proceeds being received by the Company on January 5, 2017. This loan is unsecured, bears interest at 9% per year and is due and payable in 120 days from the receipt of funds. If any amount payable is not paid when due, any such overdue amount shall bear interest at the default rate of 11% from the date of such non-payment until such amount is paid in full. The Company used net proceeds of this loan to satisfy certain obligations under a Purchase and Sale Agreement with Total Belief Limited, dated December 30, 2016, for general working capital and to support certain target drilling activities. On May 18, 2017, Full Wealth Investment Hong Kong Limited sold this note to Gold Class Limited, with accrued interest increased from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On June 1, 2017, Full Wealth Investment Hong Kong Limited acquired this note from Gold Class with a 60-day term and 10% interest per annum for the life of the debenture. On August 14, 2017, we repaid $1,000,000 in principal and $20,000 in accrued interest and recorded remaining accrued interest in amount of $30,000 as gain on debt forgiveness.

 

Effective August 9, 2017, Foothills borrowed $1,050,000 from Profit Well Limited, a Hong Kong limited liability company. The Company executed a Bridge Note with an annual percentage interest rate of 13.5% and a maturity date of September 8, 2017. Proceeds of this Bridge Note were received by the Company on August 10, 2017 and were primarily used to repay Full Wealth for the debenture dated June 1, 2017. On November 3, 2017, Profit Well Limited agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Profit Well Limited also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company agreed to issue Profit Well Limited 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Profit Well and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Profit Well with 200,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $100,000 shall become due and payable to Profit Well by the Company.

 

On September 29, 2017, the Company issued to an unaffiliated investor a promissory note and three tranches of warrants for an aggregate consideration of $250,000. The Note recites that it accrues no interest if paid when due and is due and payable on January 2, 2018. If principal is not paid on or before maturity, interest will accrue at the rate of 15% per year until paid. On November 6, 2017, the Company agreed to compensate the investor 75,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. On December 30, 2017, the Company and the investor agreed to extend the maturity date of this Note to January 23, 2018, in return for a payment at maturity of the principal, accrued interest as provided in the Note, plus 30,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock. Because the fair value of the shares was greater than 10% of the present value of the remaining cash flows under the Note, the issuance of the shares in connection with a more favorable term of a note entered with FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC. was treated as a debt extinguishment and reissuance of a new debt instrument pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). Since January 23, 2018, the Company and the investor have been in ongoing discussions to extend the term of this Note. On March 28, 2018, the investor acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Note and reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend the Note’s due date or repay its obligation on terms that are mutually satisfactory. The warrants have the following terms:

 

  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share expiring on September 29, 2019;
     
  375,000 warrants to purchase 375,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.25 per share expiring on September 29, 2020; and
     
  185,000 warrants to purchase 185,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $2.00 per share expiring on September 29, 2020.

 

The aggregate relative fair value of three tranches of warrants was determined to be $105,000 on September 29, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 2-3 years. $2,536 imputed interest was recorded as debt discount. $2,536 was determined using the present value method based on the following assumptions: (i) adjusted interest rate 4% (ii) expected life of 0.26 year. The aggregate value of the warrants and imputed interest of $107,536 was considered as debt discount upon issuance and will be amortized as interest over the term of the Note or in full upon the conversion of the Note. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company amortized $105,272 of such discount to interest expense, and the unamortized discount as of December 31, 2017 was $2,264. At December 31, 2017, $250,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note.

 

Each tranche of warrants is subject to down round adjustment provisions if the Company during the term of that tranche issues additional securities for consideration per share, after giving effect to fees, commission and expenses, that is less, or which on conversion or exercise of the underlying security is less, than $0.665 per share (as adjusted for any change resulting from forward or reverse splits, stock dividends and similar events).

 

To satisfy most favored nation provisions in previously entered securities purchase agreements that are triggered by the transaction described above, Company issued 136,015 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 136,015 shares of common stock, in the aggregate, to certain investors who purchased units from the Company, at a $1.00 per unit, with each unit consisting of one share and one warrant. See the Company’s Current Report on the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 5, 2017. Of this amount, 100,752 shares and warrants to purchase 100,752 shares of common stock will be issued to Wilshire Energy Partners LLC, an entity controlled by Kevin J. Sylla. The exercise price of these investor warrants was adjusted to $0.665 per share. We measured the value of the effect of the down round feature as the difference between the fair value of the financial instrument at an original exercise price of $1.50 and an adjusted exercise price of $0.665 and, as a result, $59,801 was recorded as down round feature as interest expense under ASC 260-10-30-1. Foothills determined the amount of $59,801 using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 3 years.

 

F-15 
 

 

A promissory note was issued on November 1, 2017, to the Law Offices of Aaron A. Grunfeld or its successors or assigns (the “Holder”), the Company’s outside general counsel, for a principal amount of $120,628.95 in exchange of legal services rendered, bearing an interest rate of 12% per annum and with a maturity date of June 30, 2018. As of December 31, 2017, $120,628.95 of principal was outstanding under the Note and accrued interest was $2,413. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded interest expense in the amount of $2,413.

 

Note 6 – Notes Payable, Related Party

 

Effective January 5, 2017, Foothills borrowed $1,250,000 from Berwin Trading Limited. The Company executed a promissory note, titled as a Debenture, with the lender dated as of December 30, 2016, with proceeds being received by the Company on January 5, 2017. This loan is unsecured, bears interest at 9% per year and is due and payable in 120 days from the receipt of funds. If any amount payable is not paid when due, any such overdue amount shall bear interest at the default rate of 11% from the date of such non-payment until such amount is paid in full. The Company used net proceeds of this loan to satisfy certain obligations under a Purchase and Sale Agreement with Total Belief Limited, dated December 30, 2016, for general working capital and to support certain target drilling activities. On May 4, 2017, the Company and Berwin agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 20, 2017, in return for an annual interest rate increase from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On November 3, 2017, Berwin agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Berwin also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company issued Berwin 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Berwin and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Berwin with 250,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $125,000 shall become due and payable to Berwin by the Company. As of December 31, 2017, the balance of accrued interest was $166,438. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded interest expense in the amount of $166,438.

 

Note 7 – Convertible Note Payable

 

On May 10, 2017, we entered into a convertible note agreement with an unrelated party, pursuant to which we borrowed $50,000 at an annual percentage rate of 10% with a term of 12 months, which is due on May 10, 2018. This note may, at the option of the lender, be converted at any time prior to September 7, 2017, into fully-paid, restricted and non-assessable shares of common stock of the Company at a price equal to 100% of the selling price of such common stock in a private placement to institutional and/or accredited investors initiated by the Company during the term of this note. On October 19, 2017, the Company agreed to extend the allowable conversion period provided under this convertible note until May 10, 2018. On November 7, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.00 per share expiring on May 7, 2019. If the Company fails to pay the principal and accrued unpaid interest due and payable to Lender on or before the due date of the convertible note, then the Lender shall be provided the right to convert at either $0.665 per share or upon the same terms offered in FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC Note’s conversion options. The relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $3,381 on November 7, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 77%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 years. At December 31, 2017, $50,000 of principal was outstanding under the Note. The issuance of the warrants in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”).

 

On November 17, 2017, the Company issued to FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC, an unaffiliated investor, a senior convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $267,500 and received proceeds of $250,000 before giving effect to certain transactional costs including legal fees. As part of this transaction the Company also issued (i) warrants having an 18-month term, to purchase 267,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and (ii) 60,000 shares of the Company’s restricted common stock. This note accrues interest of 8% per annum and is due and payable on August 17, 2018. The Note agreements give the lender the right to convert the loan amounts due into common stock at a conversion price of the lower of (i) $0.665 per share or (ii) 50% of the lowest per share market values during the twenty (20) trading days immediately preceding a conversion date. If the lowest traded price of the Common Stock is less than the Conversion Price on the date following the Conversion Date on which the Holder actually receives from the Company, then the Conversion Price shall be deemed to have been retroactively adjusted, as of the Conversion Date, to a price equal to 75% multiplied by the lowest closing price of the Common Stock on the Free Trading Shares Receipt Date. This note is secured by a personal guaranty from the Company’s Executive Chairman, Kevin Sylla. The net proceeds of this note will be used for general corporate and working capital purposes. The aggregate relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $10,750 on November 17, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 78%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 year. Fair value of 60,000 shares of common stock was determined $18,250 using allocation of proceeds. The Company accounted for the conversion feature as a derivative valued at $288,964, of which $67,964 was expensed immediately to interest expense. $288,964 was determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 78%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 0.6 year. The aggregate value of the original debt discount, warrant, conversion feature and 60,000 shares of common stock of $267,500 was considered as debt discount upon issuance and will be amortized as interest over the term of the Note or in full upon the conversion of the Note. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company amortized $43,272 of such discount to interest expense, and the unamortized discount as of December 31, 2017 was $224,228. At December 31, 2017, $267,500 of principal was outstanding under the Note.

 

F-16 
 

 

Note 8 – Common Stock

 

Effective April 1, 2016, Foothills appointed two directors to its board. Each director was granted 125,000 shares of common stock (the “Foothills Directors Shares”), vesting according to the following schedule: (i) 40% vesting ninety (90) days from the appointment date; (ii) 20% vesting one hundred eighty (180) days from the appointment date; (iii) 20% vesting two hundred seventy (270) days following the appointment date; (iv) 20% vesting three hundred sixty (360) days following the appointment date. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we issued 25,000 shares of common stock to each director. As of December 31, 2017, the Company issued 125,000 shares to each director and the Company incurred compensation expense for each director of $1,250 for these share issuances. These Foothills Director Shares issued in April 2016 all vested approximately one year later pursuant to the terms and conditions of the grant.

 

On May 2, 2016, FPI acquired 14,112,250 pre-split shares of the common stock of Key Link Assets Corp. (“Key Link” or the “Company”) from five persons constituting approximately 96% of our issued and outstanding shares (the “FPI Acquired Shares”). These shares were acquired for cash of $316,035, which was expensed in the period it was incurred.

 

As of May 16, 2016, Foothills effected a 4:1 forward split of its shares of common stock. All references to the number of shares issued and outstanding in these financial states have been retrospectively restated for the forward split.

 

The 14,112,250 pre-split shares were converted into 56,449,000 shares post-split and were returned to treasury for cancellation. A total of 2,360,000 shares remained outstanding held by the shareholders of the merged public company post the reverse merger acquisition.

 

On May 2, 2016, after obtaining the FPI Acquired Shares, FPI caused the Company to appoint its two non-executive directors to the Board of the Company. These directors exchanged their rights to the FPI Directors Shares for Company shares having substantially the same terms and provisions. On May 2, 2016, the Company also granted 150,000 restricted shares of its common stock to its CEO as a part of his compensation package. The shares have the same vesting schedule as directors’ shares described above. These shares granted in May 2016 all vested approximately one year later pursuant to the terms and conditions of the grant. During the year ended December 31, 2017, we issued 30,000 shares of common stock. As of December 31, 2017, 150,000 shares were issued and the Company incurred compensation expense of $1,500 for these share issuances.

 

On May 27, 2016, we entered into a Share Exchange Agreement with the shareholders of FPI whereby we acquired all of the outstanding shares of FPI for an aggregate of 6,003,759 shares of our common stock, of which 4,500,000 shares of our common stock were issued to Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, (“Wilshire”) and 1,503,759 of our shares of common stock were issuable to Alternus (“Share Exchange”). As a result of the Share Exchange, FPI became our wholly owned subsidiary and the FPI Acquired Shares were returned to treasury, deemed canceled and no longer outstanding. We also exchanged warrants to purchase 700,000 shares of Foothills’ common stock, that were issued to Wilshire on May 4, 2016, for a like amount of warrants to purchase shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Wilshire Warrants”). The Wilshire Warrants:

 

  have a term of five years;
     
  are exercisable at $1.25 per share as to 100,000 shares;
     
  are exercisable at $2.00 per share as to 200,000 shares;
     
  are exercisable at $3.00 per share as to 400,000 shares;
     
  do not have a cashless exercise feature; and
     
  were not exercisable for one year.

 

On June 30, 2016, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Berwin Trading Limited, a British Virgin Islands company (“Berwin”), pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 3,007,519 shares of our common stock, $0.0001 par value, at a purchase price of $0.665 per share for an aggregate amount of $2,000,000.

 

On December 30, 2016, we issued 2,083,334 shares of common stock in connection with the TBL acquisition (see Note 6), at a purchase price of $1.83 per share for an aggregate amount of $3,812,500.

 

On May 31, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, a principal shareholder, pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 200,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $200,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, is controlled by Kevin J. Sylla, our Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of FPI. See Form 8-K filed by the Company on June 5, 2017 with the Commission and exhibit thereto. On September 29, 2017, we issued 100,752 additional shares of common stock and total warrants as amended to purchase 300,752 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to down round feature triggered by warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day of trigger.

 

F-17 
 

 

On June 15, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with an investor, pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 20,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $20,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase one additional share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. We received the initial $10,000 on June 15, 2017, and the balance of the subscribed amount in July 2017. On September 29, 2017, we issued 10,075 additional shares of common stock and total warrants as amended to purchase 30,075 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to a down round feature triggered by a warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day of trigger.

 

On June 30, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with a third-party investor, pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 25,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $25,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase one additional share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. On September 29, 2017, we issued 12,594 additional shares of common stock and total warrants as amended to purchase 37,594 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to a down round feature triggered by a warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day of trigger.

 

On July 10, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement pursuant to which we sold 25,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $25,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share.

 

On September 29, 2017, we issued 12,594 additional shares of common stock and amended warrants to purchase 37,594 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to a down round feature triggered by the warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day. We measured the value of the effect of the down round feature as the difference between the fair value of the financial instrument at an original exercise price of $1.50 and an adjusted exercise price of $0.665 and, as a result, $59,801 was recorded as down round feature as interest expense under ASC 260-10-30-1. Foothills determined the amount of $59,801 using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 94%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 3 years.

 

On November 3, 2017, the Company issued 100,000 shares of common stock upon extension of the Berwin debenture, valued at $48,000.

 

On November 3, 2017, the Company agreed to issue 100,000 shares of common stock upon extension of the Profit Well debenture. The Company recorded $48,000 in stock payable.

 

On November 6, 2017, the Company agreed to issue 75,000 shares of common stock upon extension of a debenture entered on September 29, 2017. The Company recorded $36,000 in stock payable.

 

On November 17, 2017, the Company issued 60,000 shares of common stock in connection with a senior convertible promissory note. These shares were valued at $18,250.

 

On December 30, 2017, the Company agreed to issue 30,000 shares of common stock upon extension of a debenture entered on September 29, 2017. The Company recorded $9,900 in stock payable.

 

Each of the purchasers is an accredited investor within the meaning of the federal securities laws. The Company paid no brokerage, commission or finder’s fee in connection with these transactions. These transactions were exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933.

 

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company issued 275,000 shares of common stock to various third parties for services, valued at $453,500.

 

As of December 31, 2017, the Company had 14,900,627 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.

 

Restricted Stock Units (RSUs)

 

Effective August 11, 2016, and on August 15, 2016, Foothills granted one of its executive officers, Mr. R. Lanclos, 100,000 restricted stock units (RSUs) of the Company which vested as follows (i) 20,000 vested on February 15, 2017, (ii) 20,000 vested on May 15, 2017, and (iii) 60,000 vested on August 15, 2017. The Company has the right, but not the obligation to repurchase all or any portion of RSUs granted to the executive at a price of $0.665 per share if the executive’s employment with the Company is terminated for any reason within 30 months of start of employment on August 15, 2015. These RSU’s were valued at $67,000 on the grant day. As of December 31, 2017, 100,000 shares were vested and were issued to Mr. Lanclos.

 

On August 15, 2016, Foothills also granted one of its executive officers, Mr. E. Ovalle, 100,000 restricted stock units (RSUs) of the Company which vested as follows (i) 20,000 vested on February 15, 2017, (ii) 20,000 vested on May 15, 2017, and (iii) 60,000 vested on August 15, 2017. The Company has the right, but not the obligation to repurchase all or any portion of RSUs granted to the executive at a price of $0.665 per share ifß executive’s employment with the Company is terminated for any reason within 30 months of start of employment on August 15, 2015. These RSU’s were valued at $67,000 on the grant day. As of December 31, 2017, 100,000  shares were vested and were issued to Mr. Ovalle.

 

F-18 
 

 

Warrants

 

On May 27, 2016, the Company granted to Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, warrants (“Wilshire Warrants”) to purchase (i) 100,000 common shares at a strike price of $1.25 per share, (ii) 200,000 common shares at a strike price of $2.00 per share and (iii) 400,000 common shares at a strike price of $3.00 per share. The Wilshire Warrants commence to be exercisable on the earlier of (i) 12-month anniversary of the closing of a going public transaction or (ii) June 30, 2017 and expire on June 1, 2021.

 

On May 27, 2016, the Company granted to an unrelated party warrants to purchase (i) 125,000 common shares at a strike price of $1.25 per share, (ii) 100,000 common shares at a strike price of $2.00 per share and (iii) 100,000 common shares at a strike price of $3.00 per share. The warrants commence to be exercisable on the earlier of (i) 12-month anniversary of the closing of a going public transaction or (ii) June 30, 2017 and expire on June 1, 2021.

 

The fair value of above warrants was determined to be $2,144 on May 27, 2016, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 120%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 5 years.

 

On November 7, 2017, the Company issued 50,000 warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $1.00 per share expiring on May 7, 2019 in connection with a senior convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $50,000. If the Company fails to pay the principal and accrued unpaid interest due and payable to Lender on or before the due date of the convertible note, then the Lender shall be provided the right to convert at either $0.665 per share or upon the same terms offered in FirstFire Opportunity Fund, LLC Note’s conversion options. The relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $3,381 on November 7, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 77%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 years.

 

On November 17, 2017, the Company issued an unaffiliated investor warrants to purchase 267,500 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $1.00 per share and expires in 18 months, in connection with a senior convertible promissory note in the principal amount of $267,500. The aggregate relative fair value of warrant was determined to be $10,750 on November 17, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 78%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 1.5 year.

 

The following table summarizes all stock warrant activity for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016:

 

   Number of
Warrants
   Weighted Average
Exercise Price
   Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
 
Balance outstanding, December 31, 2015   -   $-    - 
Granted   1,025,000    2.32    4.42 
Exercised   -    -    - 
Cancelled or expired   -    -    - 
Balance outstanding, December 31, 2016   1,025,000   $2.32    4.42 
Granted   1,658,515    1.09    2.18 
Exercised   -    -    - 
Cancelled or expired   -    -    - 
Balance outstanding, December 31, 2017   2,683,515   $1.56    2.65 
Exercisable, December 31, 2017   -   $-    - 

 

Options

 

On May 19, 2016, the Company granted to each of its then three directors options to purchase (i) 50,000 common shares at a strike price of $2 per share, vesting when the Company achieves and maintains a total average daily production level of 100 barrels of oil equivalent per day (“boe/d”) for at least 30 days, (ii) 50,000 common shares at a strike price of $3 per share, vesting when the Company achieves and maintains a total average daily production level of 200 boe/d for at least 60 days, and (iii) 50,000 common shares at a strike price of $4 per share, vesting when the Company achieves and maintains a total average daily production level of 500 boe/d for at least 90 days.

 

F-19 
 

 

On February 27, 2017, the Company granted to Mr. Christopher Jarvis, currently an officer and director, options to purchase 400,000 common shares at a strike price of $1.99 per share, vesting quarterly over two years commencing with the first quarter following the 90-day probationary period.

 

The fair value of 400,000 options was determined to be $616,055 on February 27, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 129%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 5 years.

 

On February 27, 2017, the Company granted to Mr. Kevin Sylla, currently our Executive Chairman of the Board, options to purchase 1,200,000 common shares at a strike price of $1.99 per share, vesting quarterly over the term of three years.

 

The fair value of 1,200,000 options was determined to be $1,986,902 on February 27, 2017, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following assumptions: (i) volatility rate of 129%, (ii) discount rate of 0%, (iii) zero expected dividend yield, and (iv) expected life of 7 years.

 

During December 31, 2017 and 2016, we recorded $816,139 and $0 option expense. As of December 31, 2017, the unamortized option expense was $1,786,818.

 

The following table summarizes all stock option activity for the year ended December 31, 2017 and 2016:

 

   Number of Option   Weighted Average Exercise Price   Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Term 
Balance outstanding, December 31, 2015   -   $-    - 
Granted   450,000    3.00    9.39 
Exercised   -    -    - 
Cancelled or expired   -    -    - 
Balance outstanding, December 31, 2016   450,000   $3.00    9.39 
Granted   1,600,000    -    - 
Exercised   -    -    - 
Cancelled or expired   -    -    - 
Balance outstanding, December 31, 2017   2,050,000   $2.21    6.26 
Exercisable, December 31, 2017   -   $-    - 

 

Note 9 – Related Party Transactions

 

Alternus Capital Holdings Limited

 

On December 24, 2015, FPI entered into a convertible promissory note in the amount of $600,000 with Alternus. The two-year note originally matured on December 23, 2017, and accrued interest at 8% per year. By its terms the Note was automatically required to convert the outstanding principal and interest due under the terms of the Note upon a merger or other combination occurring between FPI and an entity with shares listed for trading, which occurred on May 27, 2016. The conversion price of the Note was established at $0.665 per share (the “Conversion Price”), subject to adjustment as described below. On April 5, 2016, and under substantially similar terms described herein, FPI received an additional $400,000 from Alternus. Under the agreements between Alternus and Foothills, Alternus had the right but not the obligation to subscribe for an aggregate of up to $3,500,000 of convertible notes, which, in the event of that full subscription, would convert into not less than 30% of the then outstanding shares of the “public” company. Through May 27, 2016, the date the Share Exchange, Alternus had invested $1,000,000 and based on the Conversion Price was issued 1,503,759 shares of the Company’s common stock in full satisfaction of its two notes. All accrued interest was waived and recorded as additional paid in capital.

 

Berwin Trading Limited

 

Effective January 5, 2017, Foothills borrowed $1,250,000 from Berwin Trading Limited, a British Virgin Islands limited liability company. The Company executed a promissory note, titled as a Debenture, with the lender dated as of December 30, 2016, with proceeds being received by the Company on January 5, 2017. This loan is unsecured, bears interest at 9% per year and is due and payable in 120 days from the receipt of funds. If any amount payable is not paid when due, any such overdue amount shall bear interest at the default rate of 11% from the date of such non-payment until such amount is paid in full. The Company used net proceeds of this loan to satisfy certain obligations under a Purchase and Sale Agreement with Total Belief Limited, dated December 30, 2016, for general working capital and to support certain target drilling activities. On May 4, 2017, the Company and Berwin agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 20, 2017, in return for an annual interest rate increase from 9% to 13.5% per annum for the life of the debenture. On November 3, 2017, Berwin agreed to defer repayment of this note to a later date, and acknowledged that the Company is not in default regarding this Debenture. Berwin also reaffirmed its belief that the Company will either extend or repay the obligation to their satisfaction. As partial consideration for the deferment, the Company issued Berwin 100,000 shares of its restricted common stock, valued at $48,000. The issuance of the shares in exchange for the maturity extension was treated as a modification of existing debt pursuant to the guidance of ASC 470-50 “Debt – Modifications and Extinguishments” (“ASC 470-50”). On February 28, 2018, Berwin and the Company agreed to extend the maturity date of the debenture to June 30, 2018, and as consideration for the extension, the Company agreed to compensate Berwin with 250,000 shares of restricted common stock. In addition, the parties agreed that if payment of said principal and interest due and payable is made late, then a penalty payment of $125,000 shall become due and payable to Berwin by the Company. As of December 31, 2017, the balance of accrued interest was $166,438. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recorded interest expense in the amount of $166,438.

 

On May 31, 2017, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement with Wilshire, pursuant to which we sold and agreed to issue 200,000 units at a purchase price of $1.00 per unit for an aggregate amount of $200,000. Each unit consisted of one share of the Company’s common stock and one warrant to purchase a share of the Company’s common stock, exercisable for a period of three years from the date of original issuance at an exercise price of $1.50 per share. Wilshire Energy Partners, LLC, is controlled by Kevin J. Sylla, our Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of FPI, and has been determined to be a Related Party. See the Company’s 8-K filed June 5, 2017 with the Commission and exhibit thereto. On September 29, 2017, we issued 100,752 additional shares of common stock and amended warrants to purchase 300,752 shares of common stock of the Company at a strike price of $0.665 per share due to a down round feature triggered by a warrant issued at a strike price of $0.665 per share on the day of trigger.

 

F-20 
 

 

On December 30, 2016, Foothills, through its indirect wholly owned subsidiary Foothills Exploration Operating, Inc. (“FEOI”), entered into a purchase and sale agreement with Total Belief Limited (see Note 1). As a result of the purchase and sale agreement the Company acquired a $10,600 related party payable due to Equipment Solutions, Inc., which is owned by a director of the Company, Alex Hemb. As of December 31, 2017, the balance was paid.

 

Note 10 – Commitments and Contingencies

 

Management Additions and Changes

 

On March 3, 2017, the Company announced the appointment of Christopher Jarvis and Kevin J. Sylla to its senior management team. Mr. Jarvis is a current Director of Foothills Exploration and FPI and has taken on the full-time role of Executive Vice President of Finance for the Company and Vice President of Risk Management for FPI. Mr. Sylla was appointed Director and Chief Executive Officer of FPI, which oversees the Company’s oil and gas operations.

 

On June 1, 2017, the Company announced appointment of Kevin J. Sylla as Executive Chairman of the Company. Mr. Sylla continues to serve as Director and Chief Executive Officer of FPI and manager of the Company’s indirect subsidiaries Tiger Energy Operating, LLC, Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC, and Tiger Energy Mineral Leasing, LLC.

 

Legal proceedings

 

Utah Wells

 

SCI Welding & Oilfield Service vs. Tiger Energy Operating LLC (Case No. 169000023, 8th District Court, Duchesne County, State of Utah)

 

This case concerns the collection of unpaid debt owed by TEO, relating to the work over of wells in Duchesne County, Utah, in the amount of $53,407. On September 29, 2017, the TEO and SCI Welding reached an agreement to settle the matter for $35,000 and SCI Welding is in receipt of these settlement funds. A Stipulated Motion to Dismiss (signed by all parties) and an Order by the Court Dismissing Case was filed on October 11, 2017. This is a final settlement of this matter with no further judicial action required.

 

Graco Fishing & Rental Tools, Inc. vs. Tiger Energy Operating LLC (Case No. 160800005 8th Judicial District Court, Duchesne County, State of Utah)

 

Plaintiff (Graco) in this case sought collection of unpaid debt incurred by TEO for services rendered. Pursuant to this action a default judgment in the amount of $159,965 was obtained by Plaintiff on June 1, 2016, against TEO, for unpaid accounts in connection with its workover of wells in Duchesne County, Utah. Graco filed a writ of execution against the A Rust 2, Dye-Hall 2-21 A1, Wilkins 1-24 A5 and Rust 3-22A-4 wells located in Duchesne County executing on properties not owned by our subsidiary company. A Motion to Set Aside the sheriff’s sale concerning these properties was filed with the court based on the fact that TEO is not the owner of these properties. A hearing for this matter was held on May 1, 2017, in Duchesne County, Utah, at which time a Company representative was present to comply with the court’s order to produce documents. Prior to the hearing, TEO made an initial settlement offer, which was eventually rejected by Graco. A writ of execution was again issued to seize the property of this subsidiary on March 8, 2018. No return of asset seizure has been filed.

 

Conquest Well Servicing, LLC vs. Foothills Exploration Operating, Inc. (Case No. 179800421 8th Judicial District Court in and for Uintah County, State of Utah)

 

Plaintiff filed this action on September 11, 2017 for collection of unpaid services and materials incurred by Foothills Exploration Operating, Inc. (“FEOI”), a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company, in the amount of $49,689 in connection with a work over of wells in Uintah County, Utah. A Settlement Agreement and Stipulation to Entry of Judgment was agreed to by the parties and filed with the court on October 10, 2017. Judgment in the amount of $54,937.10 was filed on December 18, 2017. An order requesting company asset inquiry was issued on February 20, 2018.

 

Peak Well Service, LLC v. Tiger Energy Operating, LLC (Case No. 2:16-CV-00957-EJF United States District Court for the District of Utah Court)

 

Peak Well Service, LLC (“Peak”), filed mechanics and materialman’s liens against the Wilkins, Rust 2 Well, Dye Hall 2, Rust 3, and Josie 1 wells operated by TEO for unpaid accounts in connection with work on these wells. A settlement was reached between TEO and Peak pursuant to a confidential settlement agreement. Pursuant to the settlement agreement, lien releases on each of these well liens were filed on February 8, 2017. This settlement is a final resolution of this creditor claim. TEO was represented in these matters by Holland & Hart, Salt Lake City, Utah.

 

F-21 
 

 

BIA Administrative Appeal – Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC

 

Notice of Appeal, Dated May 8, 2013
Appellant: Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC
Appellee: Superintendent Uintah and Ouray Agency
Decision April 12, 2013
Concerning: Notice of Expiration of Oil and Gas Leases

 

This Administrative appeal concerns the ownership and validity of Northern Ute Tribal leases acquired by Tiger Energy Partners International, LLC (TEPI) in a transaction with Mountain Oil and Gas and its affiliated companies. Pursuant to the Global Settlement Agreement (GSA) negotiated between the Tribe and TEPI, the Company proposes to resolve any issues regarding the ownership of the subject leases and other lands thus acquired. The status of the appeal by TEPI remains unchanged, awaiting decision by the Regional Director of the BIA on the merits of the appeal. The decision of the Regional Director is stayed by the parties having entered into the Global Settlement Agreement described in the above memorandum. The Tribe and Tiger remain in discussion regarding urging final approval of the Global Settlement Agreement by the Regional Director.

 

Labokay Well – Parish of Calcasieu, State of Louisiana

 

In February 2017, FPOI drilled a test well on the Labokay prospect to the total measured depth of 8,795 feet, where hydrocarbons shows were present, but not in commercial quantities to warrant completion. Consequently, the Labokay test well was plugged and abandoned in February 2017. Since the well was not commercially viable, FPOI’s working interest in the underlying mineral lease terminated and we no longer have a right to acquire title to said property. The Labokay-related civil suits described below were filed against FPOI, a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company arising from unpaid accounts in connection with drilling of the Labokay test well.

 

R.W. Delaney Construction Company vs. Foothills Petroleum Operating, Inc. (Cause No. 2017-CV-0330 – County Court of Adams County, Mississippi)

 

This case was filed on September 18, 2017 and concerns the collection of amounts in